• Pranab Kumar Panday


We all know that one of the greatest challenges that almost all developing countries are confronted with is the rapid growth of urbanization that facilitates the growth of urban poverty. As a consequence of urbanization, millions of people migrate from rural to urban areas with the hope of a better life. Once they move into cities, they begin to realize the brutal ground reality as they fail to earn enough money required to acquire a basic standard of living. Thus, they are compelled to live in slums where they do not have access to basic services provided by the government and various municipal bodies. The main thrust of this chapter is to introduce the subject matter of this book, which is urban poverty and slum development in Bangladesh. The chapter also discusses the main objectives and the significance of the book. Apart from making an analysis of the interrelationship between urbanization, urban poverty and slum development, the chapter makes a modest attempt to discuss the constitutional guarantees concerning the housing rights of the people living in slums and their practical experiences. The chapter sums up with a plan of the rest of the chapter.


Urban Urbanism Urbanization Urban poverty Rural Slum development Slum upgrading Slum upgradation Land rights Tenure security 


  1. Degaga, D. T. (2010). Some realities of the urban poor and their food security situations: A case study of Berta Gibi and Gemechu Safar in the city of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Environment and Urbanization, 22(1), 179–198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Durand-Lasserve, A., & Royston, L. (2002). Holding their ground: Secure land tenure for the urban poor in developing countries. London: Earthscan.Google Scholar
  3. Islam, N. (2012, June 16–18). Urbanization and urban governance in Bangladesh. A background paper for the 13th annual global development conference on “urbanization & development: Delving deeper into the nexus”, Budapest.Google Scholar
  4. Islam, N. (2004). The poor’s access to land and housing in Dhaka. Paper written for the World Bank, Dhaka Urban Poverty Study. Retrieved from (accessed on 30/12/2019).
  5. Jayarantne, K. A. (2009). Draft strategy for improvement of tenure security of poor in UPPR towns in Bangladesh. Dhaka: UNDP.Google Scholar
  6. Jones, G. A. (Ed.). (2003). Urban and markets in transition. CD ROM. Cambridge, MA: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy.Google Scholar
  7. Khan, S. P. (2007). An exploratory study of slum development projects in Dhaka city: A case study of UBSDP and WATSAN. An Unpublished Master Dissertation. BRAC University, Dhaka.Google Scholar
  8. McGranahan, G., & Martine, G. (Eds.). (2014). Urban growth in emerging economies: Lessons from the BRICS. Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  9. Mooya, M. M., & Chris, E. C. (2007). Informal urban property markets and poverty alleviation: A conceptual framework, Urban Studies, 44(1): 147–165.Google Scholar
  10. Moser, C. (Ed.). (2007). Reducing global poverty: The case for asset accumulation. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.Google Scholar
  11. Mostafa, A. (n.d.). Evolution of participatory and support based approach for strengthening tenure security, housing and community resilience. A documentation of pilot project experience on secure tenure under partnership for poverty reduction (UPPR) project, UN-HABITAT, Bangladesh.Google Scholar
  12. Panday, P. K. (2017). Reforming urban governance in Bangladesh: The city corporation. The UK. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Saleh, A., & Khan, M. (2017). Bangladesh urban housing dilemma. Retrieved June 5, 2019, from
  14. Satterthwaite, D. (2003). The millennium development goals and urban poverty reduction: Grate expectations and nonsense statistics. Environment and Urbanization, 15(2), 179–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Shafi, S., & Payne, G. (2007). Final report—Land tenure security and land administration in Bangladesh. Dhaka: LPUPAP.Google Scholar
  16. Tacoli, C. (2017). Migration and inclusive urbanization. Working Paper No. UN/POP/EGM/2017/6. United Nations expert group meeting on sustainable cities, human mobility and international migration. New York: Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations Secretariat.Google Scholar
  17. Tacoli, C., Bukhari, B., & Fischer, S. E. (2013). Urban poverty, food security and climate change. Human Settlements Working Papers, IIED, London.Google Scholar
  18. The Constitution of Bangladesh (Modified up to 2016). Dhaka: Government of People’s Republic of Bangladesh.Google Scholar
  19. UNDP. (2006). UPPR project technical annex. Dhaka.Google Scholar
  20. UN-HABITAT. (2003a). The challenge of slums: Global report on human settlements 2003. London: Earthscan.Google Scholar
  21. UN-HABITAT. (2003b). Guide to monitoring target 11: Improving the lives of 100 million slum dwellers: Progress towards the millennium development goals. Nairobi: UN-HABITAT.Google Scholar
  22. United Nations Human Settlements Program (UN-Habitat). (2013). Sustainable cities and human settlements in the post-2015 UN development agenda. Retrieved December 23, 2017, from
  23. World Bank. (2006). The Mumbai slum sanitation program: Partnering with slum communities for sustainable sanitation in a megalopolis. Report No. 38456. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pranab Kumar Panday
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Public AdministrationUniversity of RajshahiRajshahiBangladesh

Personalised recommendations