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We all know that one of the greatest challenges that almost all developing countries are confronted with is the rapid growth of urbanization that facilitates the growth of urban poverty. As a consequence of urbanization, millions of people migrate from rural to urban areas with the hope of a better life. Once they move into cities, they begin to realize the brutal ground reality as they fail to earn enough money required to acquire a basic standard of living. Thus, they are compelled to live in slums where they do not have access to basic services provided by the government and various municipal bodies. The main thrust of this chapter is to introduce the subject matter of this book, which is urban poverty and slum development in Bangladesh. The chapter also discusses the main objectives and the significance of the book. Apart from making an analysis of the interrelationship between urbanization, urban poverty and slum development, the chapter makes a modest attempt to discuss the constitutional guarantees concerning the housing rights of the people living in slums and their practical experiences. The chapter sums up with a plan of the rest of the chapter.
KeywordsUrban Urbanism Urbanization Urban poverty Rural Slum development Slum upgrading Slum upgradation Land rights Tenure security
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