Trichoderma pp 267-292 | Cite as

Trichoderma spp. in Consortium and Their Rhizospheric Interactions

  • Pratibha Sharma
  • P. P. Jambhulkar
  • M. Raja
  • S. K. Sain
  • S. Javeria
Part of the Rhizosphere Biology book series (RHBIO)


Microbial consortium of efficient strains for biological control helps in improving microbial efficacy, reliability, and consistency under diverse soil and environmental conditions. Different genera in consortial formulation occupy varied niches in the root zone, thereby restricting competition among them. In this review we have discussed critically the need of consortial application of bioagents, their role in rhizosphere colonization, and disease suppression. Potential of consortial application of bioagents against fungal, bacterial, and nematodes can be utilized to fullest extent by selecting most potential strains and not by arbitrary use of consortia. It was also discussed here that out of all the consortial formulation applied globally, very few show synergistic effect in consortia. A numerical analysis model to assess synergism is discussed in this chapter. Thus, it is essential to select strains of microbes very carefully to develop efficient consortia to suppress crop diseases.


Biocontrol agents Microbial consortia Rhizosphere Trichoderma spp. 



The corresponding author is highly thankful to DG, Indian Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR) and Agriculture Education Division, ICAR, New Delhi.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pratibha Sharma
    • 1
  • P. P. Jambhulkar
    • 2
  • M. Raja
    • 3
  • S. K. Sain
    • 4
  • S. Javeria
    • 5
  1. 1.Division of Plant PathologyICAR-Indian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Plant PathologyRani Lakshmi Bai Central Agricultural UniversityJhansiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Plant PathologySKN Agricultural UniversityJobnerIndia
  4. 4.ICAR-Central Institute for Cotton-Research Regional StationSirsaIndia
  5. 5.Division of Seed Science and TechnologyICAR-Indian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia

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