Physiology of Cardiovascular System

  • Ashok Kumar JaryalEmail author
  • Akanksha Singh
  • Kishore Kumar Deepak
Part of the Physiology in Clinical Neurosciences – Brain and Spinal Cord Crosstalks book series (PNBSCC)


Maintenance of adequate perfusion to the tissues is achieved by circulation of limited volume blood driven by the intermittently contracting heart through different components of the vasculature. Each component of vasculature has unique properties suited to its function. A clear understanding of the haemodynamic principles that govern the blood flow is critical for appreciating the physiological mechanism that operates to maintain cardiac output during changing metabolic demands. A large number of reflexes modulate the properties of heart and vasculature for homeostatic maintenance of the haemodynamics and its modulation during emotions and motivated behaviours such as exercise.



The concepts and information presented in this chapter have been drawn from the research reports of hundreds of scientists from countless laboratories over last century, only a few of whom have been referred directly. We have made efforts to compile diverse and detailed data into simple unifying notions, to be able to visualize forest without losing sight of the trees.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ashok Kumar Jaryal
    • 1
    Email author
  • Akanksha Singh
    • 1
  • Kishore Kumar Deepak
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysiologyAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia

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