Fuzzy Hypergraphs

Part of the Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing book series (STUDFUZZ, volume 390)


In this chapter, we present fundamental and technical concepts like fuzzy hypergraphs, fuzzy column hypergraphs, fuzzy row hypergraphs, fuzzy competition hypergraphs, fuzzy k-competition hypergraphs, fuzzy neighborhood hypergraphs, and \({\mathscr {N}}\)-hypergraphs. We describe applications of fuzzy competition hypergraphs in decision support systems, including predator–prey relations in ecological niches, social networks, and business marketing. Further, we introduce complex fuzzy hypergraphs, \(\mu e^{i\theta }\)-level hypergraphs, covering constructions, 2-sections, and \(L_2\)-sections of these hypergraphs.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MathematicsUniversity of the PunjabLahorePakistan
  2. 2.Department of MathematicsUniversity of the PunjabLahorePakistan

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