Biofilm Usefulness



This chapter describes the usefulness of biofilms. It starts by discussing the importance of biofilms for producing electricity and the process which is known as microbial fuel cell (MFC) technology. The next topic presents beneficial applications of biofilms to the environment. It includes bioremediation, nitrogen-fixing bacteria that make atmospheric nitrogen available to plants, and biofilm/bacteria use for recycling elements vital to life. Biofilms are also used to immobilize harmful materials, as biological pesticides, and for bioleaching to extract metals from their ores. The final section provides a description of how biofilms contribute to water treatment applications for pollutants such as plastics in our oceans, heavy metals, industrial wastes, oil spills, and sewage.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringNational Institute of Technology (KOSEN)Shiroko-cho, SuzukaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringClarkson UniversityPotsdamUSA

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