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Analysis of Atmospheric Pollutants During Fireworks Festival ‘Diwali’ at a Residential Site Delhi in India

  • Pallavi SaxenaEmail author
  • Anju Srivastava
  • Shivangi Verma
  • Shweta
  • Lakhwinder Singh
  • Saurabh Sonwani
Chapter
Part of the Energy, Environment, and Sustainability book series (ENENSU)

Abstract

Globally, a number of firework events have been celebrated on a large scale in the names of different festivals. Diwali is one among the popular Indian festival held during October or November every year with huge fireworks. In the present study, various air pollutants like nitrogen oxides (NOx), particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10) and ozone (O3) were analyzed in pre, during and post Diwali in two consecutive years i.e. October 2016 and October 2017 in capital city of India, Delhi. The results showed that the background values of particulate matter are exceeding 5–6 times in 2016 and 7–8 times in 2017 than permissible limits set by National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS), India. In Diwali-2016, the highest PM10 and PM2.5 concentrations were about 8 times and 7 times higher than NAAQS limits respectively. For Diwali-2017, there was rapid increase in PM10 and PM2.5 concentrations that were about 10 times and 13 times higher than NAAQS threshold value respectively. Moreover, PM10 and PM2.5 concentrations in 2017, higher than 2016 were found to be 5–8 times more as compared to background concentrations. However, the concentrations of NOx and O3 look similar during background event, pre Diwali, Diwali and post Diwali periods in both the years of 2016 and 2017. The huge Diwali induced air pollution is influenced by transboundary air mass movements from nearby regions of Delhi and adjoining countries in both the selected years of 2016 and 2017 particularly in case of particulate matter in Diwali and Post Diwali. The study concludes that during background and in and around Diwali period receives the air masses containing the emissions from biomass burning which significantly increases the air pollution load.

Keywords

Air pollution Fireworks Diwali Delhi 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pallavi Saxena
    • 1
    Email author
  • Anju Srivastava
    • 2
  • Shivangi Verma
    • 2
  • Shweta
    • 2
  • Lakhwinder Singh
    • 2
  • Saurabh Sonwani
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Environmental SciencesHindu College, University of DelhiDelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryHindu College, University of DelhiDelhiIndia
  3. 3.School of Environmental SciencesJawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew DelhiIndia

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