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Measurement, Analysis, and Remediation of Bisphenol-A from Environmental Matrices

  • Sukanya Krishnan
  • Ansaf V. Karim
  • Swatantra Pratap Singh
  • Amritanshu ShriwastavEmail author
Chapter
  • 319 Downloads
Part of the Energy, Environment, and Sustainability book series (ENENSU)

Abstract

Bisphenol-A (BPA) is one of the important emerging contaminants, which has been widely used as a raw material for the preparation of epoxy and polycarbonate. They are mainly present in our daily use products such as the lining of water containers, canned food and beverages, infant bottles, and medical devices due to its heat resistance and elasticity property. BPA is an alkyl phenol, find its primary route to environmental matrices by leaching out from the final consumer product containers or during the manufacturing process. The various factors responsible for leaching of BPA include temperature, the presence of acids, and storage time. It is an endocrine disruptor and causes an adverse impact on humans as well as aquatic organisms. Therefore, many countries have banned their usage, especially in infant bottles and other food containers. Conventional wastewater treatment technologies have been inefficient for degrading these type of persistent compounds. Advanced treatment techniques are sustainable approaches for the removal of persistent compounds from water. Further, the measurement and analysis of BPA and their conjugates requires sophisticated analytical instrumentation. This chapter provides a detailed review of available measurement and analysis methods for determination of bisphenol-A. Further, the chapter also reviews the various treatment technologies for the removal of BPA from environmental matrices.

Keywords

Bisphenol-A Toxicity Measurement Remediation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sukanya Krishnan
    • 1
  • Ansaf V. Karim
    • 1
  • Swatantra Pratap Singh
    • 1
  • Amritanshu Shriwastav
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Environmental Science and Engineering DepartmentIndian Institute of Technology BombayMumbaiIndia

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