Recent Advances in Micro-extraction Based Analytical Approaches for Pesticides Analysis in Environmental Samples

  • Anshuman Srivastava
  • Minu Singh
  • Shiv SinghEmail author
  • Sheelendra Pratap SinghEmail author
Part of the Energy, Environment, and Sustainability book series (ENENSU)


Pesticides are auxiliary input to induce the quality and production of food. It is also considerate to minimize the postharvest losses of crops and to fulfill the increasing demand. Although pesticides are useful in food production, their versatile use had resulted in the occurrence of contamination and residues in all necessities of our life, i.e., food, water, and air. Nowadays, consumer perception about food safety and quality leads to transparency and traceability in various agricultural practices. The pesticide had a diverse meaning, it encompasses many hundreds of toxic chemicals, exhibiting enormously diverse chemical and physical properties. Thus to determine the level of pesticide residue in different commodities, a simple, effective and robust sample preparation and analytical determination technique is required. Further, technique includes both identification and quantification of analytes in food commodities, which strictly fulfill the international regulation on maximum residue limits. This chapter briefly discusses the modern analytical approaches, including different sample preparation technique followed by chromatography and mass spectrometry techniques.


Environmental pollutant Micro-extraction QuEChERS Analytical approach Sample preparation Carbon Pesticides 



The authors would like to express their gratitude to CSIR-Indian Institute of Toxicology Research and also thankful to CSIR-Advanced Material and Processed Research Institute Bhopal for providing necessary infrastructural facilities. The authors gratefully acknowledging to the department of science and technology, New Delhi, India in the form of a research grant (DST/INSPIRE/04/2015/001859) and project GAP-168 to facilitate the research work. The authors supportively acknowledge the Gun Ei Chemical Industry Co. Ltd., for providing the ACFs.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pesticide Toxicology Laboratory, Regulatory Toxicology GroupCSIR—Indian Institute of Toxicology Research (CSIR-IITR)LucknowIndia
  2. 2.Light Weight Metallic MaterialsCouncil of Scientific and Industrial Research-Advanced Materials and Processes Research InstituteBhopalIndia
  3. 3.Nanomaterial Toxicology Group CSIR-Indian Institute of Toxicology Research (CSIR-IITR)LucknowIndia
  4. 4.Analytical Chemistry Laboratory, Regulatory Toxicology GroupCSIR-Indian Institute of Toxicology Research (CSIR-IITR)LucknowIndia

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