Measurement, Analysis, and Remediation of Biological Pollutants in Water

  • Uthradevi Kannan
  • S. Krishna Prashanth
  • Shihabudheen M. MaliyekkalEmail author
Part of the Energy, Environment, and Sustainability book series (ENENSU)


Clean water is vital for supporting human life and the ecosystem. However, the laxity and mismanagement of water resources have endangered the availability of fresh water significantly. Water pollution and associated diseases claim around 2.1 million human lives every year. The outbreak of water-related microbial infections such as diarrhoea, typhoid, and cholera are the primary cause of the loss of lives. Though there has been remarkable progress in the control and prevention of infectious diseases, microbial risks remain a leading cause of human mortality in India, and the rest of the world and children are the worst affected. In this context, a comprehensive analysis of the source, occurrence, fate, and control of biological contaminants in dirking water is of utmost relevance. The rapid and early detection of the pathogenic organism is also of importance in mitigating the menace. This chapter elucidates the growing significance to address the issue of microbial contamination in drinking water and its associated health implications from the past to the present, recent developments in the technologies for the detection, analysis and the remediation of pathogens in the water.


Analysis Biological pollutants Disinfection Measurement Safe water 



Authors gratefully acknowledge the Government of India, Ministry of Science and Technology, Department of Science and Technology (DST), Technology Mission Division [Grant no: DST/TM/WTI/WIC/2K17/82(C)] for supporting the work. The author Uthradevi Kannan acknowledges DST—Innovation in Science Pursuit for Inspire Research (INSPIRE), [IF 160288] for the fellowship support to pursue PhD at IIT Tirupati. The authors also thank IIT Tirupati for the support.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Uthradevi Kannan
    • 1
  • S. Krishna Prashanth
    • 1
  • Shihabudheen M. Maliyekkal
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology Tirupati (IITT)TirupatiIndia

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