Socioeconomic Inequality and Student Outcomes in Spanish Schools

  • Álvaro ChoiEmail author
  • Jorge Calero
Part of the Education Policy & Social Inequality book series (EPSI, volume 4)


International assessments show that the performance of Spanish students in core cognitive competencies is close to the international average and its socioeconomic gradient is below the mean of Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries. Additionally, the performance gap between students in socioeconomically advantaged and socioeconomically disadvantaged schools is relatively small. While these may be seen as remarkable facts, given the comparatively low socioeconomic level of Spanish families and the depth of the scars of the economic crisis, a closer look uncovers a more complex reality. For example, the likelihood of low performance and grade repetition among socioeconomically disadvantaged students relative to non-disadvantaged students is high and important differences across regions still prevail. In this chapter, we describe the recent evolution and situation of socioeconomic inequalities of school-aged Spanish students and discuss the policies that have been applied to tackle the socioeconomic-based performance gap. These policies have been developed within the framework of changing state-level general education acts and designed and applied at the regional level.


Student achievement Socioeconomic status Inequality Spain 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universitat de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain

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