Probability Theory

Part of the Springer Uncertainty Research book series (SUR)


The probability theory is a branch of mathematics concerned with the analysis of random phenomena. The emphasis in this chapter is on the concepts of probability measure, random variable, probability distribution, and expected value as well as the operational law of random variables and the law of large numbers for a sequence of random variables. The main results in this chapter are well known, so the references are not provided.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Economics and ManagementUniversity of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations