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Migration to the Middle East: Issues and Prospects

  • S. Irudaya RajanEmail author
  • Prem Saxena
Chapter
  • 188 Downloads

Abstract

Middle East countries absorbed high volume of labourers from Asia to work in both unskilled and semi-skilled jobs. This mobility has given rise to various issues; unsolved labour issues such as operation of illegal recruiting agents and illegal migration, and problems such as salary issues, working and living conditions and abuse at destination countries are discussed in this chapter, with major focus on India. Importantly, emerging new destinations like Israel are discussed to highlight the swift mobility of Asian female care workers from Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries due to large number of exploitations reported in recent years and the ban imposed by some source countries in Asia to recruit female care workers. Thus, gender-wise and sector-wise labour mobility to Middle East is discussed to show the characteristics of Asian migrant workforce in this region. Finally, the economic diversification taking place in the Gulf countries shows optimism with regard to their economic growth and job creation. However, in the past few years we saw a decline in Asian workforce moving to Gulf, but the ongoing economic reforms in Gulf needs cheap expatriate workers to meet their labour shortage in private sectors.

Keywords

Migration Middle East Asia Gulf 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Development StudiesUlloor Medical CollegeThiruvananthapuramIndia
  2. 2.Department of Population StudiesAmerican University of BeirutBeirutLebanon

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