Global Strategies and Schemes for Preventing Water-Associated Infectious Diseases

  • Amrita Haikerwal
  • Swatantra Kumar
  • Shailendra K. SaxenaEmail author


Water safety plans with a comprehensive analysis of risk management and risk assessment to provide safe and clean drinking water supply across the globe have been implemented. Global Hygiene and Drinking Water Analysis and Assessment (GLAAS) works with an objective to provide decision makers and policy makers a reliable, accessible, global analysis of the investments being enforced for providing the safety of drinking water, and maintaining hygiene and sanitation. WHO and UNICEF have initiated a Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) that monitors the progress of WASH across all the countries. CDC has developed Safe Water System (SWS), a household water treatment system, that promotes behavioral changes to obtain a cost-effective and long-term solution.


WSP GLASS JMP WASH Safe drinking water Sanitation 


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    World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) (2017) Progress on drinking water, sanitation and hygiene: 2017 update and SDG baselines. Accessed on 12-3-2018
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    World Health Organization Geneva, International Water Association (2017) Global status report on water safety plans: a review of proactive risk assessment and risk management practices to ensure the safety of drinking-water. Accessed on 12-3-2018
  3. 3.
    World Health Organization Geneva, UN-Water (2017) UN-Water Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking-Water (GLAAS) strategy 2017–2020. Accessed on 12-3-2018
  4. 4.
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2013) National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases: our work, our stories, 2011–2012. CDC, Atlanta, GA. Accessed on 12-3-2018Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Government of India (2017) Swachh Bharat Mission—Gramin, Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation. Open defecation free. Swachh Bharat Mission. Accessed on 8-11-2017

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amrita Haikerwal
    • 1
  • Swatantra Kumar
    • 1
  • Shailendra K. Saxena
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Centre for Advanced Research, Faculty of Medicine, King George’s Medical UniversityLucknowIndia

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