Changing Lives of the Japanese Elderly Under Uncertainty: An Analysis of Family Types and Economic Status

Part of the Quality of Life in Asia book series (QLAS, volume 13)


A high rate of the elderly participating in labor force and a high rate of their living together with their children have characterized the Japanese aging society. Although these features are still evident, a new pattern of living together has emerged since the mid-1990s: the number of living together with unmarried children has been increasingly frequent among the elderly. Economic conditions of the elderly and the child generation are related to the emergence of this pattern. Based on the quantitative analyses of SSM 2005 and JGSS 2010–15, this paper explores the changes in relations between family types and economic status for the elderly aged 60 or over. It is suggested that for low-income households, living together with children implies the mutual dependency between parent and child generation in an economic sense under uncertain conditions in recent Japanese society.


Japanese elderly Living together with child generation Income inequality SSM JGSS 



1. The 2005 SSM Survey Committee permits the use of data from the Social Stratification and Mobility (SSM) Survey.

2. The Japanese General Social Survey (JGSS) are designed and carried out by the JGSS Research Center at Osaka University of Commerce (Joint Usage/Research Center for Japanese General Surveys accredited by Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology) in collaboration with the Institute of Social Science at the University of Tokyo.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

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