Role of Endothelial Cells in Renal Fibrosis
Renal fibrosis has been regarded as the common pathway of end-stage renal failure. Understanding the fundamental mechanism that leads to renal fibrosis is essential for developing better therapeutic options for chronic kidney diseases. So far, the main abstractions are on the injury of tubular epithelial cells, activation of interstitial cells, expression of chemotactic factor and adhesion molecule, infiltration of inflammatory cells and homeostasis of ECM. However, emerging studies revealed that endothelial cells (ECs) might happen to endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT) dependent and/or independent endothelial dysfunction, which were supposed to accelerate renal fibrosis and are identified as new mechanisms for the proliferation of myofibroblasts as well. In this chapter, we are about to interpret the role of ECs in renal fibrosis and analyze the related molecules and pathways of both EndMT and EndMT independent endothelial dysfunction.
KeywordsEndothelial cell Renal fibrosis EndMT Endothelial dysfunction
This work is supported by NSFC (No: 81670655, 81600520).
Conflict of Interest The authors have no conflict of interest to disclose.
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