Renal Interstitial Lymphangiogenesis in Renal Fibrosis
The basic physiological functions of the lymphatic system include absorption of water and macromolecular substances in the interstitial fluid to maintain the fluid homeostasis, promoting the intestinal absorption of nutrients such as lipids and vitamins from food. Recent studies have found that lymphangiogenesis is associated with some pathological conditions, such as tumor metastasis, injury repair, and chronic inflammation. For a long time, the study of lymphatic vessels (LVs) has been stagnant because of the lack of lymphatic-specific cytology and molecular markers. Renal interstitial lymphangiogenesis is found in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and a series of animal models of renal fibrosis. Intervention of the formation or maturation of LVs in renal tissue of CKD may reduce the drainage of inflammatory cells, attenuate chronic inflammation, delay the progression of renal fibrosis, and improve renal function. This review will summarize the latest findings on renal interstitial lymphangiogenesis in CKD.
KeywordsLymphangiogenesis Kidney disease Renal fibrosis Immune responses
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