Conflicts of Interest and Creation of the Alliance Treaty, 1949–1950
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Mao’s visit to the Soviet Union and the signing of the Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship, Alliance and Mutual Assistance stand at the center of this chapter. At the initial meetings between Mao and Stalin, Stalin was reluctant to sign a new treaty. Eventually, Stalin was forced to sign a new Sino-Soviet treaty—to satisfy his Chinese comrades. The Sino-Soviet treaty met the essential needs of both China and the Soviet Union. But due to conflicts of interest between the two sides, the suspicion and resentment between Mao and Stalin grew. The Sino-Soviet alliance was in a delicate and tenuous state from its inception.