The Schism in the International Communist Movement and the Collapse of the Alliance, 1965
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This chapter discusses the split in the International Communist Movement. By 1965, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) had entered a new round of conflict over the March Moscow Conference and over the issue of providing aid to Vietnam. The March 1965 Moscow Conference thus came to symbolize the official split in the International Communist Movement. The Soviet Union and China maneuvered to win the Asian Communist parties over to their respective sides, quarreled over aid to the Vietnamese Communists, and competed for influence in other Third World countries. It was in 1965 that Beijing suffered a stunning defeat in Asia and Africa in terms of its competition with Moscow for leadership of the world revolution.