The Collapse of Party Relations and the Deterioration of State Relations, October 1961–July 1964
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This chapter discusses the Sino-Soviet split in party-to-party relations and the deterioration of state-to-state relations from October 1961 to July 1964. With relative improvement in China’s domestic economic situation and its efforts to protect the Party of Labor of Albania, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) was preparing a new round of struggle over ideology with the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU). The temporary Sino-Soviet detente came to its end. The chapter explores the impact of the following events on Sino-Soviet relations: the Yili-Tashan incident, the Cuban missile crisis, and the Sino-Indian border war of 1962. It also examines how the Sino-Soviet rupture affected China’s relations with the East European Communist states and deepened the schism in the International Communist Movement. Mao modified China’s policy toward the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)—from compromise and detente to active attack and tit-for-tat struggle.