Myelinated Retinal Fiber Layer

  • Bruno de Queiroz Alves
Part of the Retina Atlas book series (RA)


Myelinated retinal nerve fiber (MRNF) layers are a relatively common ophthalmoscopic finding and were first described as “chalk-white spots” by Virchow in 1856 (2). It appears in 0.57–1% of the population, typically present at birth as static lesions, and can occur bilaterally in 7.7% of affected patients (Gradle 1921; Virchow 1856).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruno de Queiroz Alves
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of OphthalmologySão Paulo Federal UniversityzzzzSão PauloBrazil

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