Lewis Acidic Solutions: H↔H Fragilization

  • Chang Q SunEmail author
Part of the Springer Series in Chemical Physics book series (CHEMICAL, volume 121)


Solvation dissolves the HX into an H+ and an X. The H+ bonds to a H2O to form a firm H3O+ and a H↔H anti − HB point breaker. The H–O bond due H3O+ is 3% shorter and the associated O:H nonbond is 60% longer than normal. The H↔H compression shortens its nearest O:H nonbond by 11% and lengthens the H–O by 4%. The X point polarizer shortens the H–O bond and stiffens its phonon but relax the O:H nonbond oppositely in the supersolid hydration shell. The X solute capability of bond transition follows the I > Br > Cl order in the form of fx(C) ∝ 1 − exp(−C/C0) towards saturation because of the involvement of the X↔X interaction that weakens the hydration-shell electric field at higher concentrations. However, the H+ neither hops or tunnels freely nor polarize its neighbors, fH(C) = 0. The H↔H has the same effect of heating on the surface stress and solution viscosity disruption.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Electrical and Electronic EngineeringNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.Yangtze Normal UniversityChongqingChina

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