Role of Biotools in Restoration of Freshwater Ecosystems

  • Irfan-ur-Rauf Tak


Climate change, rapidly increasing population and depleting water resources have resulted in prolonged floods and droughts that have resulted in drinking water becoming a cut-throat resource. The ability of toxins to accumulate in the aquatic systems is a vital concern for environmental safety. In this connection, the newest approaches in biotechnology have been employed which include biomineralization, biosorption, phytostabilization, hyperaccumulation, biostimulation, mycoremediation, cyanoremediation and genoremediation. The ample renovation of the environment requires incorporation, assimilation and assistance of these advances along with conventional methods so as to ascertain the mystery of nature. Besides, the need of water industry is to ensure economical and constant supply of fresh water in adequate amounts. The present book chapter will provide better understanding of the problems associated with the toxicity of freshwater ecosystems as well as the feasible and eco-friendly technologies required for cleaning up of the water resources. However, the challenges involved in adopting the new initiatives for cleaning the polluted freshwater ecosystems from both greener and natural point of view must not be ignored.


Biomarker Bioremediation Biotransformation Freshwater Toxic metals Genoremediation 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irfan-ur-Rauf Tak
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Zoology, SP CollegeCluster University SrinagarSrinagarIndia

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