Impact of Pollution on Quality of Freshwater Ecosystems

  • T R Kumaraswamy
  • Sabiha Javeed
  • Maheen Javaid
  • Kumara Naika


Pollution on freshwater ecosystems is one of the major threats to the biota worldwide. Population growth and human activities are immensely contributing to the degradation and pollution of the freshwater. Freshwater sources, both surface and groundwater are contaminated with different kinds of pollutants (toxic metals and pesticides) discharged from different sources. Various human activities are the main reasons contributing to the decline in quality of freshwaters. The toxic pollutants have adverse effects on aquatic ecosystems and are responsible exclusively or in combination for causing lethal diseases to humans. This chapter tries to discuss the effects of freshwater pollution on its ecosystem.


Nutrient stress Microorganisms Freshwater Toxic metals Pollution load Industrial effluent 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • T R Kumaraswamy
    • 1
  • Sabiha Javeed
    • 2
  • Maheen Javaid
    • 2
  • Kumara Naika
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental ScienceBangalore UniversityBengaluruIndia
  2. 2.Department of Environmental ScienceUniversity of KashmirSrinagarIndia

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