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Sustaining Diverse Knowledge Systems in SEPLs: Sharing Tacit Knowledge of Apiculture and Mushroom Production with Future Generations

  • Ryo Kohsaka
  • Ai Tashiro
  • Marie Rogel
  • Yuta Uchiyama
Chapter
Part of the Science for Sustainable Societies book series (SFSS)

Abstract

Socio-ecological production landscapes (SEPLs) face numerous projected and unprecedented pressures amid changing social, economic, and environmental conditions. The use of diverse knowledge systems, including the transmission and sharing of traditional knowledge, to achieve mutually beneficial human-environment relationships, fosters the sustainable use of natural resources, promotes biodiversity conservation, and determines new methods to efficiently manage SEPLs, which can increase the adaptive capacity of local communities. To illustrate how the timely and regular transmission of traditional knowledge can promote the sustainable management of ecosystems and their services in complex SEPLs, this chapter presents the status and trend of the transmission and sharing of knowledge on non-timber forest products in two rural study sites in Japan. It also examines the factors, including motivations and incentives, that shape knowledge systems in these locales. The case study on apiculture in Nagano shows that beekeepers’ ecological knowledge should be transformed from tacit to explicit and shared beyond the family unit for the benefit of future generations, while the case study on Shiitake mushroom production in Ishikawa reveals that farmers’ traditional production knowledge and experience should be combined with modern production techniques to meet new quality standards. By understanding these elements and processes, relevant policies and activities could be developed and implemented, especially since new agents are frequently needed to increase the resilience of SEPLs.

Keywords

Non-timber forest products Traditional knowledge Beekeeping Shiitake mushroom Socio-ecological production landscapes 

Notes

Acknowledgment

This work was supported by the JSPS KAKENHI Grant Numbers JP26360062; JP16KK0053; JP17K02105; JP17H01682; and JP17H04627; Environment Research and Technology Development Fund [S-15-2(3) Predicting and Assessing Natural Capital and Ecosystem Services (PANCES)] of the Ministry of the Environment, Japan; Research Institute for Humanity and Nature [No. 14200126]; Asahi Group Foundation [A17B-031]; Kurita Water and Environment Foundation [17K010]; Toyota Foundation [D17-N-0107]; Hokkaido-Tohoku Regional Economic Research Institute and the Foundation for Environmental Conservation Measures, Keidanren.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ryo Kohsaka
    • 1
  • Ai Tashiro
    • 1
  • Marie Rogel
    • 1
  • Yuta Uchiyama
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School of Environmental StudiesNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan

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