Advertisement

Home-Based Food Provision and Social Capital in Japan

  • Chiho KamiyamaEmail author
  • Shizuka Hashimoto
  • Osamu Saito
Chapter
Part of the Science for Sustainable Societies book series (SFSS)

Abstract

In rural areas of Japan—places where the natural environment and people’s livelihood activities have worked in concert over many years to create a diversity of sustainable practices and products—it has been empirically well known that pervasive practices like sharing or gifting home-based agricultural products with neighbors and relatives are embedded in social structures and principles of reciprocity. The objective of this chapter is to understand a general trend of home-based food consumption and social links associated with use of natural resources quantitatively in municipal level. We conducted web questionnaire survey collecting information from over 1500 respondents throughout Japan and found that (1) people share diverse agricultural products grown in their own homegardens, (2) the amount of such shared products consumed in household was significantly higher in rural municipalities compared with urban municipalities, and (3) social connections relating to use of natural resources were stronger in rural municipalities. These results suggest that self-production and sharing practices substantially relate to human nutritional well-being and social relations, especially in rural areas. The findings could also provide basic information to increase regional resilience by ensuring food availability in emergencies, which are, for example, caused by climate change, natural disasters, or social changes such as aging and shrinking populations.

Keywords

Homegarden Agricultural products Self-production Social relations Human well-being Questionnaire survey Ecosystem services 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was supported by the Environment Research and Technology Development Fund (1–1303, Japan’s Ministry of the Environment) and Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (KAKENHI, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science).

References

  1. Befu H (1968) Gift-giving in a modernizing Japan. Monum Nippon 23:445–456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Buchmann C (2009) Cuban home gardens and their role in social–ecological resilience. Hum Ecol 37:705–721CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Davis G, Whelan S, Foley A, Walsh M (2010) Gifts and gifting. Int J Manag Rev 12:413–434CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Galhena DH, Freed R, Maredia KM (2013) Home gardens: a promising approach to enhance household food security and wellbeing. Agric Food Sci 2:8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hara Y, Tsuchiya K, Matsuda H, Yamamoto Y, Sampei Y (2013) Quantitative assessment of the Japanese “local production for local consumption” movement: a case study of growth of vegetables in Osaka city region. Sustain Sci 8:515–527CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Kamiyama C (2017) Local governance of production landscapes: learning from Japan’s Noto Peninsula. UNU-IAS Policy Brief Series. United Nations University Institute for the Advanced Study of SustainabilityGoogle Scholar
  7. Kamiyama C, Nakazawa N, Saito O (2014) Measuring nonmarket food provisioning services through self-production and social networks in Japan. J Jpn Soc Civ Eng Ser G (Environ Res) 70:361–369Google Scholar
  8. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) (2005) Ecosystem and human well-being: synthesis. Island Press, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  9. Morton LW, Bitto EA, Oakland MJ, Sand M (2008) Accessing food resources: rural and urban patterns of giving and getting food. Agric Hum Values 25(1):107–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Nakazawa N, Kamiyama C, Saito O, Okuro T, Takeuchi K (2014) Harvesting activities of wild mushrooms and edible plants in Noto peninsula and ecosystem services. J Jpn Soc Civ Eng Ser G (Environ Res) 70:141–150Google Scholar
  11. Nolin DA (2012) Food-sharing networks in Lamalera, Indonesia: status, sharing, and signaling. Evol Hum Behav 33:334–345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Price JA (1975) Sharing: the integration of intimate economies. Anthropologica 17:3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. R Development Core Team (2014) R: a language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, ViennaGoogle Scholar
  14. Saito O, Havas J, Shirai K, Kurisu K, Aramaki T, Hanaki K (2015) Non-market food provisioning services in Hachijo Island, Japan and their implications to- ward building a resilient island. J Jpn Soc Civ Eng Ser G (Environ Res) 71:349–357Google Scholar
  15. Saito O, Kamiyama C, Hashimoto S (2018) Non-market food provision and sharing in Japan’s socio-ecological production landscapes. Sustainability 10(213):1–9Google Scholar
  16. Stryamets M, Elbakidze M, Angelstam P (2012) Role of non-wood forest products for local livelihoods in countries with transition and market economies: case studies in Ukraine and Sweden. Scand J For Res 27:74–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Tatebayashi K, Kamiyama C, Matsui T, Saito O, Machimura T (2018) Accounting shadow benefits of non-market food through food-sharing networks on Hachijo Island, Japan. Sustain Sci.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11625-018-0580-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Taylor JR, Lovell ST (2014) Urban home food gardens in the Global North: research traditions and future directions. Agric Hum Values 31:285–305CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. United Nations (2014) Outcome document-open working group on sustainable development goalsGoogle Scholar
  20. United Nations (2015) Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, A/70/L. 1 (18 September 2015)Google Scholar
  21. United Nations University (2013) Satoyama and Satoumi of Ishikawa. p 52Google Scholar
  22. Widlok T (2017) Anthropology and the economy of sharing. Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar
  23. Yokohari M (2012) Urban agro-activities as solutions for food deserts in Japanese cities. City Plan Rev 60:34–37Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chiho Kamiyama
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shizuka Hashimoto
    • 2
  • Osamu Saito
    • 1
  1. 1.United Nations University Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability (UNU-IAS)TokyoJapan
  2. 2.Graduate School of Agricultural and Life SciencesThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations