What and How Are We Sharing? The Academic Landscape of the Sharing Paradigm and Practices: Objectives and Organization of the Book

  • Osamu SaitoEmail author
  • Hyeonju Ryu
Part of the Science for Sustainable Societies book series (SFSS)


Sharing of resources, goods, services, experiences, and knowledge is one of the fundamental practices that has been widely embedded in human nature. The advance of information and communication technology has contributed to significant growth in the “sharing paradigm.” In spite of the increasing attention on the new sharing phenomenon and its potential contribution to a sustainable and resilient society, there is a lack of comprehensive understanding of varied sharing practices in the context of sustainability and resilience. This chapter starts mapping out the academic landscape of sharing studies and examines what and how we share by a systematic literature review. The chapter also discusses research gaps in sharing paradigm studies and the potential contribution of sharing to building sustainable and resilient societies. The chapter reviews how sharing ecosystem services and shared/social values of ecosystem services have been captured by recent ecosystem services assessments including regional assessments conducted by the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES). Finally, the chapter illustrates the objectives and organization of the book.


Sharing paradigm Information and communication technology Sustainability Resilience Ecosystem services IPBES Social values 



This study was supported by the Environment Research and Technology Development Fund (1–1303&S-15-1, Japan’s Ministry of the Environment) and Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (KAKENHI, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.United Nations University Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability (UNU-IAS)TokyoJapan
  2. 2.Young Ecosystem Services Specialists (YESS)CopenhagenDenmark

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