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WSN-Based System for Forest Fire Detection and Mitigation

  • Kotish GroverEmail author
  • Ditsha Kahali
  • Shreya Verma
  • Balaji Subramanian
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes on Multidisciplinary Industrial Engineering book series (LNMUINEN)

Abstract

The risks, consequences and severity of wildland fires are well-known. Hence, the demand for timely, high-quality fire information in the least amount of time possible and the subsequent intimation to concerned authorities would help in scaling down the loss of life and property. This paper discusses a WSN system which collects data using multiple sensors to monitor temperature, humidity, smoke and oxygen levels in several spots in a forest environment. The forest would be divided into square-shaped clusters for monitoring, each containing a sensor system. The localisation of the node would be done using satellite communication to reduce coverage holes and ensure maximum range with the least latency. This node would communicate data to a monitoring station with its location and send alerts according to the sensed thresholds breached based on the novel logic algorithm. This paper describes the overall structure of the sensing system, detection and prediction algorithms, topology of the WSN, localisation techniques and an insight into a suggested drone-based mitigation system to localise the fire.

Keywords

Wildfire WSN Forest fire detection WSN in forests Localisation techniques Forest fire mitigation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.VITVelloreIndia

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