What Is a Hybrid Regime?
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After decades of proliferation of democracy around the world as a part of the ‘Third Wave’, by the early 2000s, the democratization process stalled in many countries and a new form of governance emerged in some countries either by choice or by default. This new form, while having some democratic institutions, is essentially authoritarian in its nature. It became evident to researchers that these regimes are not in transition. They are neither subtypes of autocracy nor of democracy, but instead are a regime type of their own. They are called hybrid regimes. This chapter traces the emergence of the concept of hybrid regime, explores its defining features, and examines the spread of such regimes around the world.
KeywordsDemocratization Transition paradigm Third wave Hybrid regime
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