The Relationship Between the Physiology and Pathology and the Intraocular Pressure

  • Jie Hao
  • Ningli WangEmail author
  • Hui Juan Wu
Part of the Advances in Visual Science and Eye Diseases book series (AVSED, volume 3)


Intraocular pressure is the pressure that eyeball contents act on the wall of eyeball, and is essential for maintaining eyeball shape and physiological function. Like blood pressure, intraocular pressure keeps a dynamic balance state. Its stability depends on the dynamic balance between formation rate of aqueous humor, aqueous humor discharge rate, and episcleral venous pressure. Any factors causing this balance change will affect the changes in intraocular pressure. In the past, people are accustomed to study eyeball as an independent organ rather than part of the entire body, and even often ignore the effect of episcleral venous pressure. However, from the concept of holistic integrative medicine perspective and the overall view, the whole cycle of the body, its activities, and interaction with the surrounding environment are closely related with the organs. The physiological state of the body, such as gender, blood pressure, and breathing; the lifestyle, such as diet, exercise, and body position; and the pathological state, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and hemodialysis, will all have an impact on intraocular pressure. And changes in intraocular pressure will conversely affect the systemic physiological and pathological conditions. It is expected that from this chapter, readers can re-examine the intraocular pressure from the overall view and fully consider all aspects of the body factors when analyzing intraocular pressure levels and changes.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. and People's Medical Publishing House, PR of China 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren HosptialCapital Medical UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Beijing Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences Key LaboratoryBeijingChina
  3. 3.Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren HosptialCapital Medical UniversityBeijingChina
  4. 4.Department of OphthalmologyPeking University People’s HospitalBeijingChina

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