The Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome and Eye Disorders

  • Chen Xin
  • Ningli WangEmail author
  • Weihong Yu
Part of the Advances in Visual Science and Eye Diseases book series (AVSED, volume 3)


Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a common type of ENT disease and the most common type of sleep disorder. The disease easily leads to the occurrence of paroxysmal hypoxia in patients with sleep, followed by diseases of multiple systems. In the past, physicians were accustomed to seeing them as two distinct diseases. Careful physicians may notice that some patients with diabetic eye disease complain of poor quality of sleep, so is there a link between the two? How do they relate to systemic diseases? If we think from the perspective of integrated medicine, we can find that, first of all, theoretically, they have similar paths in pathology and physiology. Alternating hypoxia and awakening caused by “snoring” will stimulate the sympathetic nervous system, causing a series of cascade reactions, including neurohumoral regulation disorder. In contrast, the microcirculation system meets the needs of eye tissue metabolism through the nervous, humoral, and metabolic regulation; myogenic regulation; and self-regulation. Second, from the clinical practice point of view, the two have similar comorbid diseases such as diabetes and high blood pressure; and in scientific research practice, some of the clinical studies have verified the relevance of the two types of diseases. Therefore, we can fully understand the disease only through establishing a scientific “integrative” concept, grasping the correct understanding and practicing the concept of development.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. and People's Medical Publishing House, PR of China 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren HospitalCapital Medical UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Beijing Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences Key LaboratoryBeijingChina
  3. 3.Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren HospitalCapital Medical UniversityBeijingChina
  4. 4.Department of OphthalmologyPeking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical CollegeBeijingChina

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