Diabetes and Diabetic Eye Disease

  • Ye Zhang
  • Ningli WangEmail author
  • Xiao Zhang
Part of the Advances in Visual Science and Eye Diseases book series (AVSED, volume 3)


As we all know, diabetes can lead to diabetic eye diseases. At present, we have detailed understanding of many treatment measures for eye diseases caused by diabetes. The downside is that ophthalmologists lack an understanding of diabetes, and this limitation puts us in a passive state in the prevention and treatment of diabetic eye diseases. When thinking from the perspective of integrative medicine, we will find a lot of problems that need to be demonstrated and elaborated systematically: For example, why do some people suffer from severe eye diseases while others have healthy eyes with the same level of diabetes control? What kind of eye diseases are directly related to diabetes? What is the exact pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy? What is the relationship between diabetic eye diseases and other complications of diabetes, such as diabetic nephropathy? Only when we are aware of the existence of these problems and through analyzing these problems using the theory of integrative medicine and through integrating the advanced theories and advanced technologies of all relevant disciplines are we likely to have a comprehensive understanding of diabetic eye diseases, properly prevent the situations where interventions are made only when diabetic eye diseases have occurred from happening, be able to tell the diseases of the whole body of a patient through ocular manifestations, change our passive state to an active state and change our localized view to a view in the prevention and treatment of diabetic eye diseases, and achieve early intervention and effective treatment of diabetic retinopathy in clinical practice in order to reduce the rate of blindness.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. and People's Medical Publishing House, PR of China 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Beijing Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences Key LaboratoryBeijingChina
  3. 3.Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren HospitalCapital Medical UniversityBeijingChina
  4. 4.Department of OphthalmologyPeking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical CollegeBeijingChina

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