The Eye and High Altitude

  • Yuan Xie
  • Ningli WangEmail author
Part of the Advances in Visual Science and Eye Diseases book series (AVSED, volume 3)


High altitude is defined to begin at 2400 m (8000 ft) above sea level. Medicine recognizes that altitude above 1500 m (4900 ft) starts to affect humans. The main environment at high altitude includes low atmospheric pressure causing lower oxygen partial pressure (PO2), decreased temperature and humidity, as well as high solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation. These special surroundings have both short-term and long-term effects on the eye.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. and People's Medical Publishing House, PR of China 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Beijing Institute of OphthalmologyBeijingChina
  2. 2.Beijing Tongren Eye CenterBeijingChina
  3. 3.Beijing Tongren HospitalCapital Medical UniversityBeijingChina
  4. 4.Beijing Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences Key LaboratoryBeijingChina
  5. 5.Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren HosptialCapital Medical UniversityBeijingChina

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