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Environmental Changes and Ocular Surface Disease

  • Qingfeng Liang
  • Shiming Li
  • Ningli WangEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Visual Science and Eye Diseases book series (AVSED, volume 3)

Abstract

The concept of “integrative ophthalmology,” with the purpose of transferring the perspective of people from each isolated organ to the macroscopic human body, emphasizes that from the view of regarding human body as a whole, people require not only to integrate each local organ, but also to analyze the interaction between macro-environment and the body. The “environment” in this section refers to the human-centered external world, which is the material basis of the subsistence and development of human beings, and is also an important condition closely related to human health. Environmental change is bound to have impact on human life and health, especially for ocular surface tissue that is directly exposed to the external environment. In this section, the effects of air pollution, water pollution, and solid waste pollution on human health are introduced briefly. Two kinds of ocular surface diseases caused by environmental factor, that is, allergic conjunctivitis and dry eye, are mainly discussed, with comprehensive description on their epidemiological characteristics, the relationship with environment, clinical features, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. It is expected that by a case study of ocular surface disease, the majority of ophthalmologists can understand the important role of the environment in the occurrence and development of ocular diseases, and consider the analysis of environmental factors as an important part of the diagnosis and treatment of eye diseases with the thought of “integrative ophthalmology.”

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. and People's Medical Publishing House, PR of China 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren HosptialCapital Medical UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Beijing Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences Key LaboratoryBeijingChina
  3. 3.Beijing Tongren Eye CenterBeijingChina
  4. 4.Beijing Tongren HospitalCapital Medical UniversityBeijingChina
  5. 5.Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren HosptialCapital Medical UniversityBeijingChina

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