Exercise and Physiology and Pathology of the Eye

  • Yingxin Yang
  • Ningli WangEmail author
  • Hui Juan Wu
Part of the Advances in Visual Science and Eye Diseases book series (AVSED, volume 3)


“Life exists in exercise”; “Life is more than exercise”; “A rolling stone gathers no moss.” Since ancient times, both Chinese and foreign scholars have been aware of and stressed the importance of exercise to human life. Exercise is important; however, are all exercises suitable for each individual? Can the same exercise produce similar effects in all individuals? This is actually the research idea of “holistic integrative medicine”—integrating the research for diseases or local organs into the whole body and the broader environment. At the same time, when studying the disease or local organ function in the same environment and interference factors, individual personality cannot be ignored. “The human body needs exercise, but it should not be excessive. Moderate exercise can help the food digested and absorbed, make the blood circulation well, and prevent disease.” This conclusion shows that in ancient China, people have explored the relationship between the exercise and human health with the integrative thinking of the human body and the environment. As the vital organ of the body, how is “eye” affected by the exercise? In this section, the following topics will be discussed: the effects of exercise on intraocular pressure and its mechanism, the effects of exercise on eye-related serum factors, the effects of exercise on eye blood flow, and the probable damage of the eye caused by exercise. It is expected that after reading this chapter, readers can get revelation, and then understand the relationship between exercise and physiology and pathology of the eye from a new perspective and from the integrated point of view, considering the adjustment of exercise as one of the effect factors when diagnosing and treating patients.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. and People's Medical Publishing House, PR of China 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Ophthalmology, Beijing Chinese Medicine HospitalCapital Medical UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren HosptialCapital Medical UniversityBeijingChina
  3. 3.Beijing Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences Key LaboratoryBeijingChina
  4. 4.Department of OphthalmologyPeking University People’s HospitalBeijingChina

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