Economic, Social and Familial Shifts in Contemporary Korea



Scholars in the West have widely accepted that South Korea is the only nation that has achieved both strong economic development and democracy since the end of the Second World War. Korean economic influence in the international community is not insignificant and it ranked as the 20th best democracy in the world according to the 2017 Democracy Index released by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU).


  1. Blanchflower, D. G., & Oswald, A. J. (2008). Is well-being U-shaped over the life cycle? Social Science and Medicine, 66(8), 1733–1749.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chan, C. H., Caine, E. D., & You, S. (2014). Suicide rates among working-age adults in South Korea before and after the 2008 economic crisis. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 68(3), 246–252.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chang, K.-S. (1999). Compressed modernity and discontents: South Korean society in transition. Economy and Society, 28(1), 30–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chang, S.-M. (2009). 병원의 장례식장화와 그 사회적 맥락 및 효과 (Hospital turning to funeral halls: The social context and effect). 종교 문화비평 (Critique of Religion and Culture), 19, 123–145.Google Scholar
  5. Chang, H. K. (2014). 2030년 가족미래에 대응 하는 정책패러다임과 선제적 정책과제 (The policy paradigm and policy tasks in preparing the future families in 2030). In 2030년 가족미래 시나리오와 정책적 대응 토론회 자료집 (The Report on the Debates on the Future Family Scenarios in 2030 and Policy Responses). Seoul: 한국여성정책연구원 (Korean Women’s Development Institute).Google Scholar
  6. Chang, S.-S., Gunnell, D., Sterne, J. A. C., Lu, T.-H., & Cheng, A. T. A. (2009). Was the economic crisis 1997–1998 responsible for rising suicide rates in East/Southeast Asia? A time–trend analysis for Japan, South Korea, Hong Kong. Social Science and Medicine, 68, 1322–1331.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cho, D.-H., & Kwon, H. Y. (2016). 무엇이 한국인을 불행하게 만드는가?: 소득불평등, 기회불평등, 그리고 행복의 균열구조 (What makes Koreans unhappy?: Income inequality, inequality in opportunities, and social cleavages of happiness). OUGHTOPIA: The Journal of Social Paradigm Studies, 31(1), 5–39.Google Scholar
  8. Choi, H. (1987). Industrialization, urbanization and family change in Korea. Akademika, 30(January), 49–58.Google Scholar
  9. Chun, S.-Y. (2014). 병원 장례식장 그 기이하고도 편안한 동거 (The incongruity of funeral halls in hospitals). 사회 사상과 문화 (Social Thought and Culture), 30, 291–325.Google Scholar
  10. Chung, B.-H. (2001). Changes in Korean family structure and the conflicts of ideology and practice in early socialization. Korea Journal, 41(4), 123–243.Google Scholar
  11. Di Tella, R., MacCulloch, R. J., & Oswald, A. J. (2003). The macroeconomics of happiness. Review of Economics and Statistics, 85(4), 809–827.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Han, T. (2014). Review of the Korean economic development path: Confucian tradition, affective network. Journal of Asian Studies, 73(4), 1140–1141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Han, E.-H., & Ha, Y. (2016). 병원간호사의 자아존중감, 사회적 지지, 간호조직문화, 직장 내 괴롭힘 행위와 직장 내 괴롭힘 결과의 관계 (Relationships among self-esteem, social support, nursing organizational culture, experience of workplace bullying, and consequences of workplace bullying in hospital nurses). 간호행정학회지 (Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration), 22(3), 303–312.Google Scholar
  14. Han, G.-S., & Sharp, R. (1997). Economic development in South Korea: By-product of military regimes. Policy, Organisation & Society, 14(Winter), 23–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Helliwell, J. F., & Huang, H. (2008). How’s your government? International evidence linking good government and well-being. British Journal of Political Science, 38(4), 595–619.Google Scholar
  16. Hong, K.-E. M. (2006). Impacts of rapid social and family changes on the mental health of children in Korea. Psychiatry Investigation, 3(1), 6–25.Google Scholar
  17. Hong, J., & Knapp, M. (2014). Impact of macro-level socio-economic factors on rising suicide rates in South Korea: Panel-data analysis in East Asia. The Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics, 17(4), 151–162.Google Scholar
  18. Howarth, G. (1997). Professionalising the funeral industry in England 1700–1960. In Peter C. Jupp & Glennys Howarth (Eds.), The changing face of death. Basingstoke: MacMillan Press.Google Scholar
  19. Jang, S.-J. (2011). 행복의 정치경제학: 소득불평등에 대한 인식이 한국인들의 삶의 만족도에 끼치는 영향 (Political economy of happiness: Effects of perceptions of income inequality on the life-satisfaction among Koreans). 한국정당학회보 (Korean Party Studies Review), 10(2), 43–65.Google Scholar
  20. Ji, Y. (2015). Asian families at the crossroads: A meeting of east, west, tradition, modernity, and gender. Journal of Marriage and Family, 77, 1031–1038.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Jwa, S.-H. (2017). The rise and fall of Korea’s economic development: lessons for developing and developed economies. London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kang, J. H., & Yeum, D. M. (2014). 소득이 복지인식에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구—정치만족도의 매개효과를 중심으로 (A study on the effect of incomes on the perception of welfare: Focusing on the mediating effect of political satisfaction). 사회과학연구논총 (Ewha Journal of Social Sciences), 30(2), 319–351.Google Scholar
  23. Kim, S.-D. (2007). 한국 유교식 상례의 연구 (A Study of Korean confucian funeral rites). Seoul: Korea University.Google Scholar
  24. Kim, S.-W. (2009). Social changes and welfare reform in South Korea: In the context of the late-coming welfare state. International Journal of Japanese Sociology, 18(1), 16–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kim, S.-W. (2010). 사회적 지원과 일탈: 지역단위의 사회적 지원이 자살률에 미치는 영향 (Social support and delinquency: The effects of social support on suicide in Korea). 지방정부연구 (The Korean Journal of Local Government Studies), 14(3), 81–95.Google Scholar
  26. Kim, S.-D. (2010). 현대 한국사회 전통 상례의 현황과 과제 (The state and challenges of traditional mourning ritual in present Korean society). 국학연구 (Korean Journal of National Studies), 17(12), 435–462.Google Scholar
  27. Kim, S.-I. (2012). 장례산업의 부흥을 통해 본 “죽음의 질” 관리 (Managing the quality of death with reference to the revival of the funeral industry. 문화/과학 (Culture and Science) (3), 216–223.Google Scholar
  28. Kim, K.-H. (2013). 한국의 경제기적 지난 50년 향후 50년: 지속성장을 위한 새로운 패러다임 (Korean economic miracle past and future 50 years: A new paradigm for a continuing growth). Seoul: Gi Pa Rang.Google Scholar
  29. Kim, H.-J. (2017). Married South Korean migrants with children in Australia: Investigation of their acculturation. Brisbane: Queensland University of Technology.Google Scholar
  30. Kim, K.-W., & Kim, H. (2011). 노인자살률에 영향을 미치는 요인에 대한 거시적 분석 (Macro analysis of factors impacting on the elderly’s suicide rates in the Republic of Korea). 한국인구학 (Korea Journal of Population Studies), 34(3), 31–54.Google Scholar
  31. Kim, H.-S., & Kwon, L.-K. (2013). 한국 노인자살률과 사회·경제적 요인의 관련성- 1990년~2010년 변화 추이를 중심으로 (Relationship between elderly suicide rates and socio-economic factors in Korea: Centering around the trend of changes in 1990–2010). 한국콘텐츠학회논문지 (Journal of the Korean Contents Association), 13(6), 236–245.Google Scholar
  32. Kim, S.-J., & Lee, Y.-H. (2011). 뉴 노멀 시대의 도래와 한국경제의 성장잠재력 (The advent of a new normal era and the growth potential of Korean economy). 산업경제연구 (Journal of Industrial Economics and Business), 24(6), 3887–3903.Google Scholar
  33. Kwon, J.-W., Chun, H., & Cho, S.-I. (2009). A closer look at the increase in suicide rates in South Korea from 1986–2005. BMC Public Health, 9(72), 1–9.Google Scholar
  34. Lee, H.-C. (1999). 작업장 재편과 노조의 전략: 작업장의 인간화와 민주화를 위하여 (The re-organisation of shop-floors and labour unions’ strategies). Seoul: 한국노총 중앙연구원 (Federation of Korean Trade Unions).Google Scholar
  35. Lee, H.-S. (2000). 소득이 주관적 삶의 질에 미치는 영향 (Impact of Income on Subjective Quality of Life). 한국인구학 (Korea Journal of Population Studies), 23(1), 91–117.Google Scholar
  36. Lee, J. K. (2011). Imagining the South Korean family beyond patriarchy (Chapter 8). In Korean Family Studies Association (Ed.), Korean families: Continuity and change (pp. 245–270). Seoul: Seoul National University.Google Scholar
  37. Lee, J.-K. (2015). 가부장제 이후의 한국 가족: 정상성에서 유연성으로 (South Korean family after patriarchy: From normality to flexibility). 한국문화연구 (The Korean Cultural Studies), 29, 283–315.Google Scholar
  38. Lee, Y. (2015b). Labor after neoliberalism: The birth of the insecure class in South Korea. Globalizations, 12(2), 184–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Lee, Y.-H., Ji, E.-J., & Kwon, H.-Y. (2013). 불평등과 행복: 한국의 사례 (Inequality and happiness: The case of South Korea). 한국정치학회보 (Korean Journal of Political Sciences), 47(2), 25–43.Google Scholar
  40. Lee, M.-A., & Kang, J.-H. (2014). 한국 사회 자살률의 변동과 원인: 지역단위 지표를 이용한 패널 분석 (Changes in suicide rates and social integration in Korea: A community-level panel data analysis). 한국인구학 (Korea Journal of Population Studies), 37(2), 1–19.Google Scholar
  41. Lee, H.-S., & Lee, P.-D. (1995). 장의제도의 현황과 발전방향: 장례식장을 중심으로 (Funeral services today and future: With reference to funeral halls). In 한국보건사회연구원 연구보고서 (Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs Reserach Report). Seoul: 한국보건사회연구원 (Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs).Google Scholar
  42. Lee, Y., & Lee, E. J. (2014). 직장 내 괴롭힘 개념 개발: 병원간호사를 중심으로 (Conceptual development of workplace bullying: Focusing on hospital nurses). 보건교육·건강증진학회지 (Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion), 31(1), 57–70.Google Scholar
  43. Lee, M.-A., & Song, R.-R. (2014). 소득, 물질주의와 행복의 관계 (Money, materialism and happiness). 한국인구학 (Korea Journal of Population Studies), 37(4), 89–114.Google Scholar
  44. Lew, S.-C. (2013). The Korean economic development path: confucian tradition, affective network. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Lie, J. (1998). Han unbound: The political economy of South Korea. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  46. Marmot, M. (2017). Social justice, epidemiology and health inequalities. European Journal of Epidemiology, 32(7), 537–546.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. McManners, J. (1981). Death and the enlightenment: Changing attitudes to death among christians and unbelievers in eighteenth-century France. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  48. Milner, A., Page, A., & Lamontagne, A. D. (2013). Duration of unemployment and suicide in Australia over the period 1985–2006: An ecological investigation by sex and age during rising versus declining national unemployment rates. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 67(3), 237–244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Moshe, M. (2014). The emotions industry. New York: Nova Science Publishers.Google Scholar
  50. Na, D.-S. (2008). 장사제도의 법 제도적 변천과 현황 문제 (A research on the changes and the current situations of Korean funeral system). 법학 연구 (Law Review), 29(2), 449–472.Google Scholar
  51. OECD. (2016). OECD better life index. Accessed February 21, 2018.
  52. Park, J-S. (2002). 장례사의 업무와 죽음에 대한 태도: 광주지역 장례사를 중심으로 (The attitude of their job and death-related behavior among funeral directors in Gwangju). 보건과 사회과학 (Heath and Social Science), 12, 173–198.Google Scholar
  53. Park, J.-S. (2003). 도시지역의 장례공간과 장례방식에 대한 사례연구: 광주시 지역을 중심으로 (A case study of the funeral space and method in urban area). 비교민속학 (Asian Comparative Folklore), 25, 565–589.Google Scholar
  54. Park, H.-J. (2015a). Legislating for filial piety: An indirect approach to promoting family support and responsibility for older people in Korea. Journal of Aging & Social Policy, 27(3), 280–293.Google Scholar
  55. Park, S. (2015). A silent revolution in the Korean family. Contexts, 14(2), 77–.Google Scholar
  56. Peterson, C. L. (2003). Work stress: Studies of the context, content, and outcomes of stress: A book of readings. Amityville, NY: Baywood Pub.Google Scholar
  57. Song, H.-D. (2004). 의례와 사회변화: 장례식장을 중심으로 (Ritual and social change—The case of funeral hall). 종교연구 (Journal of Religion), 35(6), 313–338.Google Scholar
  58. Song, H.-D. (2005). 한국 사회의 죽음에 대한 태도 죽음의 경관을 중심으로 (Attitudes on death in Korea: Centering around the landscapes of death). 비교문화연구 (Journal of Cross-Cultural Studies), 11(2), 207–243.Google Scholar
  59. Song, J. R. (2008). 한국사회의 자살과 뒤르케임의 자살론: 가족주의 습속과 관련하여 (Suicide in Korean society and Durkheim’s theory of suicide: in relation to “Familistic Habits of the Heart”). 사회 이론 (Social Theory), 34(가을/겨울), 123–162.Google Scholar
  60. Steptoe, A., Deaton, A., & Stone, A. A. (2015). Subjective wellbeing, health, and ageing. The Lancet, 385, 640–648.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Travits, M. (2008). Representation, corruption, and subjective well-being. Comparative Political Studies, 41(12), 1607–1630.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Yeun, Y.-R. (2015). 병원간호사의 직장 내 괴롭힘, 소진 및 이직의도에 관한 연구 (A research of workplace bullying and burnout on turnover intention in hospital nurses). 한국산학기술학회 논문지 (Korea Academy Industrial Cooperation Society), 16(12), 8343–8349.Google Scholar
  63. Yeun, E.-J., Lee, S.-H., Ko, J.-A., Jeong G.-S., Shin, H.-Y., Seo, M.-J., et al. (2017). 병원간호사의 직장 내 괴롭힘에 대한 태도 양상: Q 방법론적 접근 (Attitude styles on workplace bullying among hospital nurses: A Q-methodology study). 한국웰니스학회지 (Journal of the Korean society for Wellness), 12(2), 1–13.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Media, Film and JournalismMonash UniversityCaulfield EastAustralia

Personalised recommendations