Identifying Deterrents to Greening Existing Buildings

  • Devendra Pratap SinghEmail author
  • Ekta Singh
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 36)


Green retrofitting of existing building stocks is inevitable as governments across the world are striving to formulate and implement relevant policy measures to achieve the sustainability goals. Green retrofitting or simply greening existing buildings is a very novel concept to reduce the impact of the existing building stock on the ecosystem through energy retrofits and technologies that in turn improve and enhance the overall energy efficiency of buildings, therefore reducing its carbon footprint. In this paper, various policies and processes of green retrofitting systems are investigated. The paper relies on qualitative techniques to capture the perception of different stakeholders to gain better understanding on the barriers and deterrents to greening existing building stocks. A framework of six indicators is derived based on the existing case studies to analyse the different components of Green retrofitting process. The subject of green retrofit and its practice is an under-researched area, mainly in Indian context. The paper attempts to bridge this gap, and the strength of the paper lies in the empirical nature of its investigation.


Energy efficiency Green retrofitting Barriers Office building India 


  1. 1.
    Akintoye A (2000) Analysis of factors influencing project cost estimating practice. Constr Managt Econ 18(1):77–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    ASCI and NRDC (2014) Greener construction saves money: incentives for energy efficient buildings across IndiaGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Benson A et al (2011) Retrofitting commercial real estate: current trends and challenges in building retrofitting in Australian cities. Build Environ 74:86–95Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bu S, Shen G, Anumba Chimay J, Wong Andy KD, Liang Xin (2015) Literature review of green retrofit design for commercial buildings with BIM implication. Smart Sustainable Built Environ 4(2):188–214. Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bullen P, Love P (2011) A new future for the past: a model for adaptive reuse decision-making. Built Environ Project Asset Manage 1(1):32–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dahle M, Neumayer E (2001) Overcoming barriers to campus greening: a survey among higher educational institutions in London, UK. Int J Sustain High Educ 2(2):139–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Daly D, Cooper P, Ma Z (2014) Implications of global warming for commercial building retrofitting in Australian cities. Build Environ 74:86–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) (2012) Energy efficiency statistical summary. Department of Energy and Climate Change, LondonGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Dixon T (2014) Commercial property retrofitting: what does -retrofit‖ mean, and how can we scale up action in the UK sector? J Property Investment Financ 32(4):443–452. Scholar
  10. 10.
    DODG (2015) World green building trends 2016: developing markets accelerate global green growth smart market report. Retrieved from Accessed on 29th July 2018
  11. 11.
    Emily D, Kriti N, Niazi Z, Scott A, Varsha D, Lakshm KV (2013) Green buildings case study. Retrieved from on 15th July 2018
  12. 12.
    EPA (2016) Green building: basic information. Available at
  13. 13.
    Godrej & Boyce Mfg Ltd, n.d. [Online]. Available at Accessed Aug 2018
  14. 14.
    Hopkins Erin A (2016) Barriers to adoption of campus green building policies. Smart Sustainable Built Environ 5(4):340–351CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Horhota M, Asman J, Stratton JP, Halfacre AC (2014) Identifying behavioral barriers to campus sustainability: a multi-method approach. Int J Sustain High Educ 15. Scholar
  16. 16.
  17. 17.
    International Energy Agency (IEA) Energy policies beyond IEA Countries—Russia 2014. Executive sumnary. Available online
  18. 18.
    Jindal A (2016) TERI-UTC center of excellence (CoE) on energy efficient buildings in India. Retrieved from on 25th July 2018
  19. 19.
    Kamakura W, Wedel M, Agrawal J (1994) Concomitant variable latent class models for conjoint analysis. Int J Res Mark 11:451–464CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kapure R, Jain RK (2014) Parameters of upgrading existing building into a green building. Int J Eng Res Appl 4(2):19–23Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kok N, Jennen M (2012) The impact of energy labels and accessibility on office rents. Energy Policy 46:489–497CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kok N, Miller N, Morris P (2012) The economics of green retrofits. J Sustain Real Estate 4(1): 4–22Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Liang X, Shen G, Guo L (2015) Improving management of green retrofits from a stakeholder perspective: a case study in China. Int J Environ Res Public Health 12:13823–13842CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Lockwood C (2009) Building the green way. Harvard Bus Rev 84(6):129–137Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Ma Z, Cooper P, Daly D, Ledo L (2012) Existing building retrofits: methodology and state-of-the-art. Energy Build 55:889–902CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Mahal NA (2016) Formulating guidelines for effective implementation of green building scheme of the urban local bodies. Available at Accessed on 17 July 2018
  27. 27.
    Miller E, Buys L (2008) Retrofitting commercial office buildings for sustainability: tenants’ perspectives. J Property Investment and Finan 26(6):552–561CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
  29. 29.
    Omer A M (2008) Energy, environment and sustainable development. Renew Sustain Energ Rev Elsevier 12(9):2265–2300MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Ott RL, Longnecker MT (2010) An introduction to statistical method & data analysis duxberry pressGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Pandey S (2015) Impact of green building rating systems on the sustainability and efficacy of green buildings: case analysis of green building index, malaysia. MIT-UTM Malaysia. Sustainable cities program. Retrieved from on 23rd June 2018
  32. 32.
    RBC (2011) Moving into the Mainstream Green Buildings and LEED. Retrived from on 25th June 2018
  33. 33.
    Rhoads J (2010) Low carbon retrofit toolkit—a roadmap to success, Better building partnership. Available at Accessed 6 June 2012
  34. 34.
    Richardson GRA, Lynes JK (2007) Institutional motivations and barriers to the construction of green buildings on campus: a case study of the University of Waterloo, Ontario. Int J Sustain High Educ 8(3):339–354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Shipley R, Utz S, Parsons M (2006) Does adaptive reuse pay? A study of the business of building renovation in Ontario, Canada. Int J Heritage Stud 12(6):505–520CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Sutherland RJ (1991) Market barriers to energy-efficiency investments. Energy J 12(3):15–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    TERI (2013) Roadmap for incorporating energy efficiency retrofits in existing buildings, the energy and resource institute (TERI), New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    US Green Building Council (2015), LEED | US Green Building Council. Available at
  39. 39.
    Weber CL, Kalidas SK (2004) Cost-benefit analysis of LEED silver certification for new house residence hall. Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PAGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Wilkinson S (2012) Analysing sustainable retrofit potential in premium office buildings. Struct Surv 30(5):398–410CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    World Economic Forum (WEF) (2011) A profitable and resource efficient future: catalysing retrofit finance and investing in real estate. WEF, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Wright TSA, Wilton H (2012) Facilities management directors’ conceptualizations of sustainability in higher education. J Clean Prod 31:118–125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Yu S, Tu Y, Luo, C (2011) Green retrofitting costs and benefits: a new research Agenda. IRES working paper series No. 22. National University of Singapore, Institute of Real Estate Studies, SingaporeGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Amity UniversityNoidaIndia

Personalised recommendations