Stochastic Traffic-Assignment with Multi-modes Based on Bounded Rationality

  • Zhi ZuoEmail author
  • Xiaofeng Pan
  • Lixiao Wang
  • Tao Feng
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 127)


This paper proposes a stochastic traffic assignment model with multi-modes incorporating the concept of bounded rationality. Multi-criteria decision is considered using TODIM (which stands for “multi-criteria, interactive decision making” in Portuguese) method to generate variable demands, route uncertainty is taken into account based on cumulative prospect theory to measure route choice behavior. A numerical example is used to verify the validity of the new model. The sensitivity of the scaling parameters for the mode and route choice is also analyzed. Results confirmed the model’s applicability and showed that travelers’ preferences on different routes are reference dependent. Two scaling parameters have a significant influence on the final results and must be estimated very carefully from real data.


Travel behavior Bounded rationality Variable demands Cumulative prospect theory TODIM method 



This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Number 71861032), National Natural Science Foundation of Xinjiang (Number 2018D01C071) and the doctoral research fund of Xinjiang University.

Ethical Approval.

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent.

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Civil and Architectural EngineeringXinjiang UniversityUrumqiChina
  2. 2.Urban Planning Group, Department of the Built EnvironmentEindhoven University of TechnologyEindhovenNetherlands

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