Principles of Pre-travel Healthcare

  • Joseph Torresi
  • Sarah McGuinness
  • Karin Leder
  • Daniel O’Brien
  • Tilman Ruff
  • Mike Starr
  • Katherine Gibney


The pre-travel health consultation provides an opportunity to assess the health risks of travel for an individual and provide education and advice to promote healthy travel. A key component of the pre-travel consultation is an individualised health risk assessment, based on traveller demographics and details of the planned trip (including itinerary, duration and planned activities). Comprehensive pre-travel healthcare should include the provision of appropriate interventions (such as immunisations), as well as tailored education and advice about health risks, risk reduction strategies and appropriate care of illness or injury should it occur. Advice should be individualised, but there are several common themes and principles that underpin sound, consistent and high-quality health advice for travel, which are outlined in this chapter. Those advising travellers should be familiar with these principles, have a good working knowledge of travel medicine issues (including disease epidemiology) and know when and how to access up-to-date information. Due to the nature and volume of complex information provided during pre-travel consultations, it is essential to provide travellers with clear and concise supplementary information.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph Torresi
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Sarah McGuinness
    • 5
    • 6
  • Karin Leder
    • 7
    • 8
  • Daniel O’Brien
    • 9
    • 10
  • Tilman Ruff
    • 11
    • 12
  • Mike Starr
    • 13
  • Katherine Gibney
    • 14
  1. 1.Professor of Medicine, Infectious Diseases Physician University of Melbourne, Department of Microbiology and ImmunologyThe Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, The University of MelbourneMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Knox Private HospitalMelbourneAustralia
  3. 3.Epworth Eastern HospitalMelbourneAustralia
  4. 4.Austin HospitalMelbourneAustralia
  5. 5.Infectious Diseases Physician, Department of Infectious DiseasesThe Alfred Hospital and Monash UniversityMelbourneAustralia
  6. 6.Lecturer, Infectious Disease Epidemiology UnitSchool of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash UniversityMelbourneAustralia
  7. 7.Professor of Medicine, Infectious Diseases Physician, Head of Infectious Disease EpidemiologySchool of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash UniversityMelbourneAustralia
  8. 8.Head of Travel Medicine and Immigrant Health, Victorian Infectious Disease ServiceRoyal Melbourne Hospital Peter Doherty, Institute for Infection and ImmunityMelbourneAustralia
  9. 9.Associate Professor, Victorian Infectious Diseases ServiceRoyal Melbourne HospitalMelbourneAustralia
  10. 10.Department of Infectious DiseasesUniversity Hospital GeelongGeelongAustralia
  11. 11.Associate Professor, Nossal Institute for Global HealthSchool of Population and Global Health, The University of MelbourneMelbourneAustralia
  12. 12.International Medical Advisor, Australian Red Cross (1996–2019)Founding Head of Travel Medicine at Fairfield and Royal Melbourne HospitalsMelbourneAustralia
  13. 13.Paediatrician, Infectious Diseases Physician, Consultant in Emergency Medicine, Director of Paediatric Education, Royal Children’s Hospital Melbourne, Honorary Clinical Associate Professor, University of MelbourneMelbourneAustralia
  14. 14.Infectious Diseases Physician, Public Health Physician and Senior Research FellowThe Austin Hospital, The Royal Melbourne Hospital, and The University of Melbourne, at The Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and ImmunityMelbourneAustralia

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