India as an Emerging Donor: Political and Economic Determinants

  • Eswaran Sridharan
Part of the Governing China in the 21st Century book series (GC21)


Historically, India’s assistance to fellow developing countries began in 1949 with scholarships and humanitarian assistance in cases of famine. The Colombo Plan was the main channel for scholarships although India’s own Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation (ITEC) program started in 1964 for training and transfer of expertise. Nepal and Bhutan were the earliest recipients of Indian assistance and from 1959 India has been giving program-based assistance as annual grants to these countries, worked into their and India’s five-year plans.


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© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eswaran Sridharan
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Pennsylvania Institute for the Advanced Study of IndiaNew DelhiIndia

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