A Multi-step Quick Scan for Options and Limitations of Biogenic Resources—From Agricultural Statistics to CNG tuk tuks in India
India shows a rapid development—increasing population, economic growth, increasing energy demand, a strong government, ambitious goals in reducing GHG emissions and a sustainable integration of renewable energies into the Indian daily life are only some of the efforts. One of the major challenges is the transport sector as a main air polluter. Here, an approach is needed to find promising starting points for a significant improvement. This article describes a multi-step Quick Scan to evaluate chances and limitations from the perspective of biogenic resources. In this context, the approach moderates a pathway from general national statistics to a preferential sustainable application of a biogenic resource on a regional level. Accordingly, the Quick Scan provides data for the following argumentation: India’s top ten crops are headed by sugar cane. Besides sugar as the main product, the by-product press mud is suitable for fermentation in biogas plants. Bottled into cylinders, around 4.7–5.6 million tuk tuks could drive 5,000 km with biomethane/CNG, theoretically. In comparison with petrol, the use of biomethane for transport can mitigate up to 85% of CO2-eq emissions. To mobilise parts of this potential, preference regions with best conditions have to be found. More than 40% of national production can be found in the state Uttar Pradesh (U.P.). A high density of sugar mills in western U.P. leads to high press mud potentials in this region. In a distance of 50 km, more than 500,000 t press mud is achievable as a maximum. The findings deliver essential base data for a more detailed feasibility assessment and can support decision-making crucially.
KeywordsBiomass supply Biomass availability Press mud potentials Biomethane CNG Waste management Bio-economy
This work is financed by German Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development and the German Ministry of Food and Agriculture and supported by German Biogas Association in cooperation with Indian Biogas Association.
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