Advertisement

Community Participation and Waste Management

  • Natasha KalraEmail author
Conference paper

Abstract

In contemporary times, a lot of endeavors have been made to find and efficient and effective solution to the waste problem globally. One of the significant factors, which is been emphasized today, is the role of community in waste management. Several success stories of community participation across developed and developing countries have strengthened the view of government and local bodies that they cannot work in isolation and require active participation of all the stakeholders to manage waste. People attitude toward waste and the understanding toward the consequences if it is left unattended play a significant role in encouraging their participation in waste management. This study is a brief overview of the significance of community participation in waste management. The study derives its theoretical framework from two theories: social capital and integrated waste management model. Both theories discuss the significance of community participation and cohesion to deliver effective and efficient public service. This is followed by a discussion on success stories across developed countries, developing countries, and underdeveloped countries. These success stories have been studied in alignment to community participation from countries like Singapore, Japan, Netherlands, Uganda, Philippine, Thailand, and India. A small section of the paper is focused on multiple cities of India. The study is entirely based on secondary data. Different journals and documents were referred. The major finding of this study is that the cooperation and cohesion between government and the community plays a crucial role in the success of waste management. This study is subject to limitations like only two theories were used to set the backdrop also only few success stories have been discussed.

References

  1. Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation (2016). Swach Bahrat Mission, Amdavad Muncipal Corporation. Retrived from: https://ahmedabadcity.gov.in/portal/web?requestType=ApplicationRH&actionVal=viewSBMBlogDtlsLst&queryType=Select&screenId=2900035
  2. Anschütz, J. (1996). Community-based solid waste management and water supply projects: Problems and solutions compared. Urban Waste Expertise Program (UWEP), Community Participation in Waste Management, UWEP Working Document No. Retrieved from http://www.globenet.org/preceup/pages/fr/chapitre/reflreco/reflex/modepart/b/a.htm.
  3. Arrow, K. (2000). Observations on social capital. In P. Dasgupta, & I. Serageldin (Eds.), Social capital: A multifaceted perspective (pp. 3–5). Washington, D.C. The World Bank.Google Scholar
  4. Baland, J. & Platteau, J. (1996). Halting degradation of natural resources: Is there a role of rural communities? New York: FAO, Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Baland, J. M., & Platteau, J. P. (1997). Coordination problems in local-level resource management. Journal of Development Economics, 53, 197–210.Google Scholar
  6. Chakrabarti, S., Majumder, A., & Chakrabarti, S. (2009). Public-community participation in household waste management in India: An operational approach. Habitat International, 33, 125–130. Retrieved from http://ac.els-cdn.com.ezproxy-f.deakin.edu.au/S0197397508000441/1-s2.0-S0197397508000441-main.pdf?_tid=c4491374-2ccd-11e7-bd34-00000aacb362&acdnat=1493464973_d55519771de6ab7e452c30b86bfdf311>.
  7. Coelho, H. M. G., Lange, L. C., & Coelho, L. M. G. (2012). Proposal of an environmental performance index to assess solid waste treatment technologies. Waste Management, 32, 1473–1481.Google Scholar
  8. Colona, M., & Fawcettb, B. (2006). Community-based household waste management: Lessons learnt from EXNORA’s ‘zero waste management scheme in two South Indian cities’. Habitat International, 30, 916–931.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Das, D., Majhi, B. K., Pal, S., & Jash, T. (2016). Estimation of landfill gas generation from municipal solid waste in Indian cities. Energy Procedia, 90, 50–56. Retrieved from http://ac.els-cdn.com.ezproxy-b.deakin.edu.au/S1876610216313790/1-s2.0-S1876610216313790-main.pdf?_tid=be9289f0-13ab-11e7-9d47-00000aab0f27&acdnat=1490701581_a01fbe7bd55447beaf1d834797c5078b>.
  10. Dasgupta, P. (2000). Economic progress and the idea of social capital. In P. Dasgupta, & I. Serageldin (Eds.), Social capital: A multifaceted perspective (pp. 325–424). Washington, D.C. The World Bank.Google Scholar
  11. El-Fadel, M., Findikakis, A. N., & Leckie, J. O. (1997). Environmental impacts of solid waste landfilling. Journal of Environmental Management, 50, 1–25. Retrieved from http://ac.els-cdn.com.ezproxy-b.deakin.edu.au/S0301479785701314/1-s2.0-S0301479785701314-ain.pdf?_tid=5386cc50-13a8-11e7-9c9c-00000aab0f02&acdnat=1490700113-e5405a764154f71f6dde323f430023ca>.
  12. Evans, P. (1995). Embedded autonomy: States and industrial transformation. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Feldman, T. R., & Assaf, S. (1999). Social capital: Conceptual frameworks and empirical evidence. Social Capital Initiative Working Paper No. 5, World Bank. Retrieved from http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTSOCIALCAPITAL/Resources/Social-Capital-Initiative-Working-Paper-Series/SCI-WPS-05.pdf.
  14. Garg, V., & Rani, J. (2012). Perspectives of municipal solid management in India: A case study of Chandigarh. International Journal of Applied Engineering Research.Google Scholar
  15. Gotame, M. (2012). Community participation in solid waste management Kathmandu (Master of Philosophy thesis). Retrieved from http://bora.uib.no/bitstream/handle/1956/6406/97560129.pdf?sequence=1.
  16. Grootaert, C. (1998). Social capital: The missing link? Social Capital Initiative Working Paper No. 3. Retrieved from http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTSOCIALCAPITAL/Resources/Social-Capital-Initiative-Working-Paper-Series/SCI-WPS-03.pdf.
  17. Guerrero, L. M., Mass, G., & Hogland, W. (2012). Solid waste management challenges for cities in developing countries. Waste Management, 33, 220–232.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2012.09.008.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Henry, R. K., Yongsheng, Z., & Zun, D. (2005). Municipal solid waste management challenges in developing countries—Kenyan case study. Waste Management, 26, 92–100.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2005.03.007.
  19. Lapid, D. G. (2007). Philippines solid waste management: Issues and challenges in Asia. Asian Productivity Organisation. Retrieved from http://www.apo-tokyo.org/00e-books/IS-22_SolidWasteMgt/IS-22_SolidWasteMgt.pdf.
  20. Marwell, G., Oliver, P. E., & Prahl, R. (1989). Social networks and collective action: A theory of critical mass, III. American Journal of Sociology, 94(3), 502–534. Retrieved from http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/~oliver/wp/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/6-social-networks-and-collective-action.pdf.
  21. Ministry of Environment. (2005). Japan’s experience in promotion of the 3 Rs. Retrieved from http://www.env.go.jp/recycle/3r/en/approach/02.pdf.
  22. Mongkolnchaiarunya, J. (2005). Promoting a community-based solid-waste management initiative in local government: Yala municipality, Thailand. Habitat International, 29, 27–40. Retrieved from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.468.9633&rep=rep1&type=pdf.
  23. Mukama, T., Ndejjo, R., Musoke, D., Musinguzi, G., Halage, A. A., Carpenter, D. O., & Ssempebwa, J. C. (2016). Practices, concerns, and willingness to participate in solid waste management in two urban slums in Central Uganda. Journal of Environmental and Public Health. Retrieved from https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jeph/2016/6830163/.
  24. Muller, M., & Hoffman, L. (2001). Community partnership in integrated sustainable waste management. In A. Scheinberg (Ed.), Experiences from the urban waste expertise programme (1995–2001), waste, Netherlands.Google Scholar
  25. Pargal, S., Huq, M., & Gilligan, D. (1999). Social capital in solid waste management: Evidence from Dhaka, Bangladesh. Social Capital Initiative Working Paper No. 16. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/313511201_Social_capital_in_solid_waste_management_evidence_from_Dhaka_Bangladesh.
  26. Pear Experience and Reflective Learning (PEARL). (2015). Urban solid waste management in Indian cities—Compendium of good practices. National Institute of Urban Affairs, Core 4B, India Habitat Centre, Lodhi Road, New Delhi-10003, India.Google Scholar
  27. Schübeler, P. (1996). Conceptual framework for municipal solid waste management in low-income countries. Working Paper No. 9, UNDP/UNCHS (Habitat)/World Bank/SDC collaborative programme on municipal solid waste management in low-income countries.Google Scholar
  28. Thomas-Hope, E. (1998). Solid waste management. West Indies: Canoe Press University of the West Indies.Google Scholar
  29. United Nations Habitat. (1989). Community participation: Solid waste management in low-income housing projects; the scope for community participation.Google Scholar
  30. Waste. (2004). Integrated sustainable waste management click on ISWM under “Approaches”. Retrieved from http://waste.nl/en/our-approach.
  31. Woolock, M., & Narayan, D. (2000). Social capital: Implications for development theory, research and policy. World Bank Research Observer, 15(2). Retrieved from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download;jsessionid=CDEDB1327E3988946EEF9C41D02D869D?doi=10.1.1.595.1124&rep=rep1&type=pdf.
  32. Zurbrugg, C., & Ahmed, R. (1999). Enhancing community motivation and participation in solid waste management. Sandec News, 4, 2–6. Duebendorf: EAWAG. Retrieved from http://www.apo-tokyo.org/00e-books/IS-22_SolidWasteMgt/IS-22_SolidWasteMgt.pdf.
  33. Zvikaramba, J. C. M. (2008). Exploring the potential for community participation in solid waste management in highfields harare. University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Social and Economic ChangeBengaluruIndia

Personalised recommendations