Community Participation and Waste Management
In contemporary times, a lot of endeavors have been made to find and efficient and effective solution to the waste problem globally. One of the significant factors, which is been emphasized today, is the role of community in waste management. Several success stories of community participation across developed and developing countries have strengthened the view of government and local bodies that they cannot work in isolation and require active participation of all the stakeholders to manage waste. People attitude toward waste and the understanding toward the consequences if it is left unattended play a significant role in encouraging their participation in waste management. This study is a brief overview of the significance of community participation in waste management. The study derives its theoretical framework from two theories: social capital and integrated waste management model. Both theories discuss the significance of community participation and cohesion to deliver effective and efficient public service. This is followed by a discussion on success stories across developed countries, developing countries, and underdeveloped countries. These success stories have been studied in alignment to community participation from countries like Singapore, Japan, Netherlands, Uganda, Philippine, Thailand, and India. A small section of the paper is focused on multiple cities of India. The study is entirely based on secondary data. Different journals and documents were referred. The major finding of this study is that the cooperation and cohesion between government and the community plays a crucial role in the success of waste management. This study is subject to limitations like only two theories were used to set the backdrop also only few success stories have been discussed.
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