Introduction: Migrants in the Middle East and Asia

  • Kwen Fee LianEmail author
  • Naomi Hosoda
  • Masako Ishii
Part of the Asia in Transition book series (AT, volume 8)


The discourse on migration outcomes in the West has largely been dominated by issues of integration. It is more relevant to view immigration in non-Western societies in relation to practices of exclusion and inclusion. Exclusion refers to a situation in which individuals and groups are usually denied access to the goods, services, activities and resources guaranteed by full citizenship. However, the experience of exclusion is not cross-culturally uniform. Inclusion and exclusion may be simultaneous and can be empowering and disempowering. The contributions in this volume go beyond the binary discourse of exclusion versus inclusion by examining the experience of migration in the Arab Gulf states and Asia. They broadly sketch the political and economic context of the receiving societies in the two regions as a prelude to appreciating how migrants respond to their reception and treatment.


Asia Arab Gulf states Migrants Foreign labour Inclusion Exclusion 


  1. Ahn, Ji-Hyun. 2013. Global migration and the racial project in transition: Institutionalising racial difference through the discourse of multiculturalism in South Korea. Journal of Multicultural Discourses 8 (1): 29–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. AlShehabi, Omar. 2015. Histories of migration to the Gulf. In Transit states: Labour, migration and citizenship in the Gulf, ed. Abdulhadi Khalaf, Omar AlShehabi, and Adam Hanieh, 3–38. London: Pluto Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Beeson, Mark. 2009. Developmental states in East Asia: A comparison of the Japanese and Chinese experiences. Asian Perspective 33 (2): 5–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Castles, Stephen. 2002. Migration and community formation under conditions of globalization. International Migration Review 36 (4): 1143–1168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Douglass, Mike. 1994. The ‘developmental state’ and the newly industrialised economies of Asia. Environment and Planning A 26: 543–566.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Douglass, Mike, and Glenda S. Roberts. 2000. Japan in a global age of migration. In Japan and global migration: Foreign workers and the advent of a multicultural society, ed. Mike Douglass and Glenda S. Roberts, 3–37. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  7. Fargues, Philippe. 2011. Immigration without inclusion: Non–nationals in nation-building in the Gulf states. Asian and Pacific Migration Journal 20 (3–4): 273–292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gulf Labour Markets, Migration and Population Programme. 2018. National and non-national populations by aggregated age groups in GCC countries (national statistics, 2005–2016). Accessed 9 Sept 2018.
  9. Hollifield, James F. 2004. The emerging migration state. International Migration Review 38 (3): 885–912.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Jackson, Cecile. 1999. Social exclusion and gender: Does one size fit all? The European Journal of Development Research 11 (1): 125–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kapiszewski, Andrzej. 2001. Nationals and expatriates: Population and labour dilemmas of the Gulf Cooperation Council states. Reading: Ithaca Press.Google Scholar
  12. Khalaf, Abdulhadi. 2015. The politics of migration. In Transit states: Labour, migration and citizenship in the Gulf, ed. Abdulhadi Khalaf, Omar AlShehabi, and Adam Hanieh, 39–56. London: Pluto Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kim, Hyuk-Rae, and Oh Ingyu. 2011. Migration and multicultural contention in East Asia. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 37 (10): 1563–1581.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lee, Yoonkyung. 2009. Migration, migrants, and contested ethno-nationalism in Korea. Critical Asian Studies 41 (3): 363–380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Longva, Ang Nga. 1997. Walls built on sand: Migration, exclusion, and society in Kuwait. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press.Google Scholar
  16. Longva, Anh Nga. 2005. Neither autocracy nor democracy but ethnocracy: Citizens, expatriates and the socio-political system in Kuwait. In Monarchies and nations: Globalisation and identity in the Arab states of the Gulf, ed. Paul Dresch and James Piscatori, 114–135. London: I.B. Tauris.Google Scholar
  17. Owen, Roger. 1985. Migrant workers in the Gulf. London: Minority Rights Group.Google Scholar
  18. Park, Si-soo. 2017. 1.76 million foreigners live in South Korea; 3.4% of population. Korea Times, 17 November.Google Scholar
  19. Statistics Japan. 2018a. Foreign residents in Japan. Accessed 14 Sept 2018.
  20. Thiollet, Hélène. 2016. Managing migrant labour in the Gulf: Transnational dynamics of migration politics since the 1930s. Oxford: International Migration Institute, Oxford Department of International Development, Working Paper 131.Google Scholar
  21. Yamamoto, Beverly Anne. 2012. From structured invisibility to visibility: Is Japan really going to accept multiethnic, multicultural identities? Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power 19 (4): 428–439.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Asian Studies, Universiti Brunei DarussalamBandar Seri BegawanBrunei
  2. 2.School of Global Humanities and Social SciencesNagasaki UniversityNagasaki CityJapan
  3. 3.College of Intercultural CommunicationRikkyo UniversityTokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations