Review on Dental Implant with Special Reference to Tooth Abutment Implant

  • Shailja Awasthi
  • Vinay Pratap SinghEmail author
  • S. K. S. Yadav
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


In human beings, tooth loss is a common problem which may be due to various diseases and trauma. Dental implants are used to provide support for replacement of missing teeth. At the present time, research is focused on implant design, materials, and techniques for fabrication of the dental implant. There is still a lot of work involved in the use of better material, implant design, surface modification, and functionalization of surfaces to improve the long-term benefits of implant treatment. This paper provides a brief history of dental implant and its classification, success, and failure rate of a dental implant, parameters such as length, diameter, geometry, and thread used for the current tooth abutment implant. It also discusses the various complexities associated with the dental implant such as complex design and machining of the screw, its cost, failure due to the motion of implant in the transverse direction, idea to remove complexities, and current technologies.


Tooth Dental implant Endosteal root form 


  1. 1.
    Bruinsma B, Rudebrush (2016) English composition IV, 16 Dec 2016Google Scholar
  2. 2.
  3. 3.
  4. 4.
    Carranza FA, Newan MG, Takei HH (2002) CliPerio, 9th edn. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
  6. 6.
    Martin M, Haigh T, Lamar Institute of Technology Dental Hygiene programGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ullen G, Short implant: reality and predictability. A peer RPub. Heidari B, Bisadi H, Heidari Be, Kadkhodazadeh M (2009) Influence of different tapered implants on stress and strain distribution in bone and implant: a FEA. J Adv Periodontal Implant Dent 1(1):11–19Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cimdins R, Riga Biomaterials Innovations and Development Centre of RTU, Institute of General Chemical Engineering, Faculty of MS and Applied Chemistry, Riga Technical University, Pulka 3, LV-1007 Riga, LatviaGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pye AD, Lockhart DEA, Dawson MP, Murray CA, Smith AJ, Glasgow Dental Hospital and School, Faculty of Medicine, Glasgow University, Glasgow, UK IRGGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
  11. 11.
    Saini R, Giri PA, Cho et al., Saini S, Saini SR (2014) Peri-implantitis: a review. Pravara Med RevGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Prashanti E, Sajjan S, Reddy JM (2011) Failures in implants. Indian J Dent Res 2:446–453CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Atieh MA, Atieh AH, Payne AG, Duncan WJ (2009) Immediate loading with single implant crowns: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Prosthodont, 378–387Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Mijiritsky E, Mazor Z, Lorean A, Levin L (2013) Implant diameter and length influence on survival: interim results during the first 2 years of function of implants by a single manufacture. Implant Dent 22:394–398CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Mandhane SS, More AP (2014) A review evaluation of design parameters of dental implant abutment. Int J Emerg Sci Eng 2:64–67Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ivanoff CJ, Sennerby L, Johansson C, Rangert B, Lekholm U (1997) Influence of implant diameters on the integration of screw implants. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 26:141–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Baggi L, Cappelloni I, Di Girolamo M, Maceri F, Vairo G (2008) The influence of implant diameter and length on stress distribution of osseointegrated implants related to crestal bone geometry: a three-dimensional finite element analysis. J Prosthet Dent 100:422–431CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Elias CN, Factors affecting the success of dental implant. InTech, Rijeka. Available from (cited 2014 Apr 22)
  19. 19.
    Vidyasagar L, Apse P (2004) Dental implant design and biological effects on bone-implant interface. Stomatologija 6:51–54Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Triplett RG, Frohberg U, Sykaras N, Woody RD (2003) Implant materials, design, and surface topographies: their influence on osseointegration of dental implants. J Long Term Eff Med Implants 13:485–501CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Karunagaran S, Paprocki GJ, Wicks R, Markose S, A review of implant abutments—abutment classification to aid prosthetic selection. J Tennessee Dent Assoc/ US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of HealthGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Saidin S, Kadir MRA, Sulaiman E, Kassim NA (2010) Finite element analysis on Internal hexagonal and internal conical abutment. In: 2010 IEEE EMBS conference on biomedical engineering and sciences (IECBES 2010), MalaysiaGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Johnson NW, Meredith N, Stress distribution characteristics in dental implant influenced by its wall thickness (online article)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    IOSR J Dent Med Sci (IOSR-JDMS) 11. e-ISSN: 2279-0853, p-ISSN: 2279-0861Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.HBTUKanpurIndia

Personalised recommendations