Atmospheric Water Cycle

  • Kazuhiro OshimaEmail author
  • Koji Yamazaki
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 236)


The pole of cold in the Northern Hemisphere is located in eastern Siberia, where precipitation is low. In addition to the regional climate, the water cycle in eastern Siberia is characterized by geographical and terrestrial environmental factors involving topography, distance from the ocean, vegetation type, and permafrost. This region possesses several unique features including moisture transport associated with cyclone activity; precipitation recycling; summer evapotranspiration (ET), comparable to precipitation (P); and frozen rivers. In this chapter, we focus on the Lena River in eastern Siberia, comparing it with two other great Siberian rivers, the Ob and the Yenisei. The river discharge (R) from the Eurasian continent supplies a large amount of freshwater into the Arctic Ocean and plays an important role in the Arctic climate system. Furthermore, the condition of river, which freezes during winter, greatly affects the lives of local residents. To understand the atmospheric water cycle in eastern Siberia, we describe the linkages among atmospheric circulation, moisture transport, precipitation (P), net precipitation (P – ET), and river discharge (R) in this region.


Atmospheric moisture transport Net precipitation Precipitation recycling River discharge Lena River Arctic Ocean 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and TechnologyYokosukaJapan
  2. 2.Institute for Environmental SciencesRokkashoJapan
  3. 3.Hokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan

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