Supply and Temperature Independent Voltage Reference Circuit in Subthreshold Region

  • Vineysarathi KokkulaEmail author
  • Akash Joshi
  • Raghvendra Deshmukh
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 892)


This paper presents a voltage reference circuit, operating in sub-threshold region. The circuit is made tolerant to temperature and supply variations. The temperature tolerant behaviour of reference circuit is achieved by incorporating the difference of gate to source voltages of high Vth and standard Vth transistors. The bias voltage for the reference circuit is generated using a bias circuit and made temperature insensitive using a variable load with digital trimming technique. The circuit is simulated with 0.18 \(\upmu \)m CMOS models. Reference voltage variation with supply is 6.25 mV/V, variation with temperature is 9.37 uV/C in 0 \(^\circ \)C to 100 \(^\circ \)C temperature sweep. The power consumption is 50 nW at room temperature with 0.8 V as supply voltage. Power Supply Rejection Ratio (PSRR) of the proposed circuit at room temperature with 0.8 V supply is simulated to be −72 dB at 100 Hz and −23 dB at 1 MHz.


Reference voltage Subthreshold CMOS 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vineysarathi Kokkula
    • 1
    Email author
  • Akash Joshi
    • 1
  • Raghvendra Deshmukh
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for VLSI and NanotechnologyVisvesvaraya National Institute of TechnologyNagpurIndia

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