Static Surface Tension

  • Masahiko AbeEmail author


Surfactants (surface-active agent) are defined as substances capable of changing the surface or interfacial properties significantly. Addition of small amounts of surfactants into water decreases surface tension significantly. Namely, it is not called a surfactant if it does not decrease the surface tension of aqueous solutions. This chapter introduces the physical definition of surface tension and methods to measure it, such as Wilhelmy plate method and Du Nöuy method. The most popular methods and essential points for the measurement are explained. Surface tension measurements enable to determine the critical micelle concentration (cmc) of the surfactant, calculate the amount of surfactant adsorbed on the surface, and to determine the miscibility of two surfactants in mixed micellar solutions.


Surface excess energy Surface tension Critical micelle concentration Surface adsorption amount Miscibility 


  1. 1.
    K. Ogino, M. Abe (eds.), Mixed Surfactant Systems (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1992)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. Abe, J. F. Scamehorn (eds.), Mixed Surfactant Systems, 2nd edn. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 2005)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    N. Funasaki, S. Hada, J. Phys. Chem. 83, 2471 (1979)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    D.N. Rubingh, in Solution Chemistry of Surfactants, ed. by K. L. Mittal, (Plenum Press, New York, 1979), p. 337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    K. Motomura, M. Yamanaka, M. Aratono, Colloid Polym. Sci. 262, 948 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    K. Ogino, M. Abe, N. Tsubaki, J. Jpn. Oil Chem. Soc. 31, 953 (1982)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    K. Ogino, T. Kubota, K. Kato, M. Abe, J. Jpn. Oil Chem. Soc. 36, 432 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Y. Moroi, J. Jpn. Oil Chem. Soc. 20, 596 (1980)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Institute for Science and TechnologyTokyo University of ScienceNodaJapan

Personalised recommendations