Advertisement

Perspectives of Seaweed as Organic Fertilizer in Agriculture

  • B. L. Raghunandan
  • R. V. Vyas
  • H. K. Patel
  • Y. K. Jhala
Chapter

Abstract

Seaweeds are the important marine resources available at negligible cost and rich in diverse bioactive compounds like lipids, proteins, carbohydrates, amino acids, phytohormones, osmoprotectants, mineral nutrients and antimicrobial compounds. They are key component in food, feed, and medicine since ancient times. Recent trend of organic farming has exploited the possible application of seaweed as organic/bio-fertilizer in agriculture. Many studies have demonstrated the benefits of seaweed in enhancing the plant growth and productivity. Added to this they are known to be a promising soil conditioner, protect the plants under abiotic and biotic stress and increase plant resistance against pest and diseases. In this chapter an attempt has been made to highlight the scientific progress on usefulness of seaweed in the context of utilization in agriculture as organic fertilizer and prospects for further research and use.

Keywords

Seaweeds Organic farming Soil conditioner Stress Resistance 

References

  1. Abbasi FF, Baloch MA, Aia-ulhassan WKH, Shah AN, Rajpar I (2010) Growth and yield of okra under foliar application of some new multinutrient fertilizer products. Pak J Agric Agric Eng Vet Sci 26:11–18Google Scholar
  2. Abdalla MM, El-Khoshiban N (2012) The palliative effect of bioorganic fertilizer on lead pollution in Lycopersicum esculentum plants. J Basic Appl Sci 8:399–410Google Scholar
  3. Abdel Aziz NG, Mahgoub MH, Siam HS (2011) Growth, flowering and chemical constituents performance of Amaranthus tricolor plants as influenced by seaweed (Ascophyllum nodosum) extract application under salt stress conditions. J Appl Sci Res 7:1472–1484Google Scholar
  4. Abdel-Raouf N, Al-Homaidan AA, Ibrahem IBM (2012) Agricultural importance of algae. Afr J Biotechnol 11:11648–11658CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Abirami S, Srisudha S, Gunasekaran P (2013) Comparative study of chromium biosorption using brown, red and green macroalgae. Int J Biol Pharm Res 4:115–129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Aitken JB, Senn TL (1964) Seaweed products as a fertilizer and soil conditioner for horticultural crops. Bot Mar 8:144–148Google Scholar
  7. Akila N, Jeyadoss X (2010) The potential of seaweed liquid fertilizer on the growth and antioxidant enhancement of Helianthus annuus L. Orient J Chem 26:1353–1360Google Scholar
  8. Alalwani BA, Jebor MA, Hussain TAI (2012) Effect of seaweed and drainage water on germination and seedling growth of tomato (Lycopersicon spp.). Euphrates J Agric Sci 4:24–39Google Scholar
  9. Alam ZM, Braun G, Norrie J, Hodges DM (2014) Ascophyllum extract application can promote plant growth and root yield in carrot associated with increased root-zone soil microbial activity. Can J Plant Sci 94:337–348CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ali N, Aidan F, Adesh R, Jayaraj J (2016) The effect of Ascophyllum nodosum extract on the growth, yield and fruit quality of tomato grown under tropical conditions. J Appl Phycol 28:1353–1362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Alves RC, Merces PFF, Souza IRA, Alves CMA, Silva APSA, Lima VLM, Correia MTS, Silva MV, Silva AG (2016) Antimicrobial activity of seaweeds of Pernambuco, northeastern coast of Brazil. Afr J Microbiol Res 10:312–318CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Anantharaman P, Karthikaidevi G, Manivannan K, Thirumaran G, Balasubramanian T (2010) Mineral composition of marine macroalgae from mandapam coastal regions-southeast coast of India. Rec Res Sci Technol 2:66–71Google Scholar
  13. Angus S, Dargie T (2002) The UK Machair habitat action plan: progress and problems. Bot J Scotl 54:63–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Arioli T, Mattner SW, Winberg PC (2015) Applications of seaweed extracts in Australian agriculture: past, present and future. J Appl Phycol 27:2007–2015CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Arthur GD, Aremu AO, Moyo M, Stirk WA, Van Staden J (2013) Growth promoting effects of a seaweed concentrate at various pH and water hardness conditions. S Afr J Sci 109:1–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Asha A, Rathi JM, Raja PD, Sahayaraj K (2012) Biocidal activity of two marine algal extracts against third instar nymph of Dysdrcus cingulatus (Fab.) (Hemiptera, Pyrrhocoridae). J Biopest 5:129–134Google Scholar
  17. Aslam MN, Kreider JM, Paruchuri T, Bhagavathula N, DaSilva M, Zernicke RF, Goldstein SA, Varani J (2010) A mineral-rich extract from the red marine algae Lithothamnion calcareum preserves bone structure and function in female mice on a western-style diet. Calcif Tissue Int 86:313–324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Asma M, Muhammad S, Nudrat AA (2006) Influence of exogenously applied glycine betaine on growth and gas exchange characteristics of maize (Zea mays L.). Pak J Agric Sci 43:36–41Google Scholar
  19. Ayun Vinuba, Pinky VR, Prakash JW (2008) Effects of seaweed extract on growth and biochemical parameters of black gram. Plant Arch 8(1):211–214Google Scholar
  20. Badar R, Khan M, Batool B, Shabbir S (2015) Effects of organic amendments in comparison with chemical fertilizer on cowpea growth. Int J Appl Res 1:66–71Google Scholar
  21. Bastos FJC, Soares FAL, Sousa CV, Tavares CJ, Teixeira MB, Sousa AEC (2016) Common bean yield under water suppression and application of osmoprotectants. Rev Bras Eng Agric Ambient 20:697–701CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Battacharya D, Babbohari MZ, Rathor P, Prithiviraj B (2015) Seaweed extracts as biostimulants in horticulture. Sci Hortic 196:39–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Benjama O, Masniyom P (2011) Nutritional composition and physicochemical properties of two green seaweeds (Ulva pertusa and U. intestinalis) from the Pattani Bay in Southern Thailand. Songklanakarin J Sci Technol 33:575–583Google Scholar
  24. Bhardwaj D, Wahid Ansari M, Kumar RS, Tuteja N (2014) Biofertilizers function as key player in sustainable agriculture by improving soil fertility, plant tolerance and crop productivity. Microb Cell Fact 13:13–66CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Bokil KK, Mehta VC, Datar DS (1974) Seaweeds as manure; pot culture manorial experiments on wheat. Phykos 13:1–5Google Scholar
  26. Booth E (1966) Some properties of seaweed manures. In: Proceeding of fifth international seaweed symposium, Halifax, pp 349–357Google Scholar
  27. Booth E (1969) The manufacture and properties of seaweed extracts. In: Proceeding of sixth international seaweed symposium, La marina Merchante, Madrid Spain, pp 655–662Google Scholar
  28. Bozorgi HR (2012) Effects of foliar spraying with marine plant Ascophyllum nodosum extract and nano iron chelate fertilizer on fruit yield and several attributes of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.). ARPN J Agric Biol Sci 7:357–362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Brady NC, Weil R (2008) The nature and properties of soils, 14th edn. Pearson Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle RiverGoogle Scholar
  30. Briceno-Domınguez D, Hernandez-Carmona G, Moyo M, Stirk W, Van Staden J (2014) Plant growth promoting activity of seaweed liquid extracts produced from Macrocystis pyrifera under different temperature conditions. J Appl Phycol 26:2203–2210CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Castro-Gonzalez MI, Oeriz-Gil FR, Perez-Estrella S, Carrillo-Dominguez S (1996) Chemical composition of the green alga Ulva lactuca. Cienc Mar 22:205–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Chapman DJ (1980) Seaweeds and their uses, 3rd edn. Chapman and Hall, LondonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Chitra G, Sreeja PS (2013) A comparative study on the effect of seaweed liquid fertilizers on the growth and yield of Vigna radiata (L.). Nat Environ Pollut Tech 12(2):359–362Google Scholar
  34. Chojnacka K, Saeid A, Witkowska Z, Tuhy L (2012) Biological active compounds in seaweeds extracts—the prospects for the application. Open Conf Proc J 3:20–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Cian RE, Drago SR, Medina FS, Martı’nez-Augustin O (2015) Proteins and carbohydrates from red seaweeds: evidence for beneficial effects on gut function and microbiota. Mar Drugs 13:5358–5383CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Ciepiela GA, Godlewska A, Jankowska J (2016) The effect of seaweed Ecklonia maxima extract and mineral nitrogen on fodder grass chemical composition. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23:2301–2307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Craigie JS (2011) Seaweed extract stimuli in plant science and agriculture. J Appl Phycol 23:371–393CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Davari M, Sharma SN, Mirzakhani M (2012) Residual influence of organic material, crop residues, and biofertilizers on performance of succeeding mung bean in an organic rice-based cropping system. Int J Recycl Org Waste Agric 1:1–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Devi NL, Mani S (2015) Effect of seaweed saps Kappaphycus alvarezii and Gracilaria on growth, yield and quality of rice. Indian J Sci Technol 8(19):74–84Google Scholar
  40. Dhargalkar VK, Pereira N (2005) Seaweed: promising plant of the millennium. Sci Cult 71:60–66Google Scholar
  41. Dhargalkar VK, Untawale AG, Jagtap TG (2001) Marine macroalgal diversity along the Maharashtra coast: past and present status. Indian J Mar Sci 30:18–24Google Scholar
  42. Divya K, Roja MN, Padal SB (2015a) Effect of seaweed liquid fertilizer of Sargassum wightii on germination, growth and productivity of brinjal. Int J Adv Res Sci Eng Technol 2:868–871Google Scholar
  43. Divya K, Roja MN, Padal SB (2015b) Influence of seaweed liquid fertilizer of Ulva lactuca on the seed germination, growth, productivity of Abelmoschus esculentus (L). Int J Pharmacol Res 5:344–346Google Scholar
  44. Dogra BS, Mandradia RK (2012) Effect of seaweed extract on growth and yield of onion. Int J Farm Sci 2(1):59–64Google Scholar
  45. Duraipandian M, Sevugaperumal R, Ganesh D, Ramasubramanian V (2016) Establishment of the biosorptive properties of Ulva lactuca subjecting Eleusine coracana (L) gaertn to heavy metal stress by cobalt. JOAASR 1:7–17Google Scholar
  46. Egan S, Harder T, Burke C, Steinberg P, Kjelleberg S, Thomas T (2013) The seaweed holobiont: understanding seaweed-bacteria interactions. FEMS Microbiol Rev 37:462–476CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. El-Deek AA, Mervat AB (2009) Nutritional and biological evaluation of marine seaweed as a feedstuff and as a pellet binder in poultry diet. Int J Poul Sci 8:875–881CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. El-Said GF, El-Sikaily A (2013) Chemical composition of some seaweed from Mediterranean Sea coast, Egypt. Environ Monit Assess 185:6089–6099CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. El-Sheekh MM, El-Saied AEDF (2000) Effect of crude seaweed extracts on seed germination, seedling growth and some metabolic processes of Vicia faba L. Cytobios 101(396):23–35Google Scholar
  50. El-Shoubaky GA, Salem EA (2016) Effect of abiotic stress on endogenous phytohormones profile in some seaweeds. IJPPR 8:124–134Google Scholar
  51. Emmanuel JSS, Lakshmikandan M, Vasanthakumar P, Sivaraman K (2015) Improved seedling growth and seed germination in legume crop Vigna mungo (L.) utilizing marine macro algal extracts. Proc Nat Acad Sci India Sec B Biol Sci 85(2):643–651CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Fatma M, Al-Shakankery RA, Hamonda AMM (2014) The promotive effect of different concentrations of marine algae as biofertilizers on growth and yield of maize (Zea mays L.) plants. J Chem Biol Phy Sci Sec B 4(4):3201–3211Google Scholar
  53. Gharakhani H, Mirhadi SM, Yazdandoost M (2016) The effect of different foliar application amount and different times of seaweed using (Acadian) on potato yield and yield components. J Curr Res Sci 1:23–27Google Scholar
  54. Gireesh R, Haridevi CK, Salikuty J (2011) Effect of Ulva lactuca extract on growth and proximate composition of Vigna unguiculata. Walp J Res Biol 8:624–630Google Scholar
  55. Hanan MK, Shimaa ME (2013) Seasonal variations in the biochemical composition of some common seaweed species from the coast of Abu Qir Bay, Alexandria, Egypt. Oceanologia 55:435–452CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Hartmann A, Prabu SR, Galinski EA (1991) Osmotolerance of diazotrophic rhizospheric bacteria. Plant Soil 137:105–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Heltan MM, Wakibia JG, Kenji GM, Mwasaru MA (2015) Chemical composition of common seaweeds from the Kenya Coast. J Food Res 4:28–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Imbamba SK (1972) Mineral element content of some benthic marine algae of the Kenya Coast. Botan Marina 17:113–115Google Scholar
  59. Ismail MM, El-Shafay SM (2015) Variation in taxonomical position and biofertilizing efficiency of some seaweed on germination of Vigna unguiculata (L). IJESE 6:47–57Google Scholar
  60. Ismail OM, Dakhly OF, Ismail MN (2011) Influence of some bacteria strains and algae as biofertilizers on growth of bitter orange seedlings. Aust J Basic Appl Sci 5:1285–1289Google Scholar
  61. Jaulneau V, Lafitte C, Jacquet C, Fournier S, Salamagne S, Brian X, Esquerre-Tugaye M-T, Dumas B (2010) Ulvan, a sulfated polysaccharide from green algae, activates plant immunity through the jasmonic acid signaling pathway. J Biomed Biotechnol.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2010/52529
  62. Jayaraj J, Wan A, Rahman M, Punja ZK (2008) Seaweed extract reduces foliar fungal diseases on carrot. Crop Protect 27:1360–1366CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Kalaivanan C, Venkatesalu V (2012) Utilization of seaweed Sargassum myriocystum extracts as a stimulant of seedlings of Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper. Span J Agric Res 10:466–470CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Kang OL, Nazaruddin R, Musa A (2012) Cadmium (II) biosorption onto seaweed (Kappaphycus alvarezii and Eucheuma denticulatum) waste biomass: equilibrium and mechanism studies. Middle-East J Sci Res 11:867–872Google Scholar
  65. Karthicka P, Siva Sankarb R, Kaviarasanb T, Mohanrajua R (2012) Ecological implications of trace metals in seaweeds: bioindication potential for metal contamination in Wandoor, South Andaman Island. Egypt J Aquat Res 38:227–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Karthikai Devi G, Thirumaran G, Manivannan K, Anantharaman P (2009) Element composition of certain seaweeds from Gulf of Mannar marine biosphere reserve, southeast coast of India. World J Dairy Food Sci 4:46–55Google Scholar
  67. Kasim WA, Hamada EAM, Shams El-Din NG, Eskander SK (2015) Influence of seaweed extracts on the growth, some metabolic activities and yield of wheat grown under drought stress. Int J Agri Agri Res 7:173–189Google Scholar
  68. Kavipriya R, Dhanalakshmi PK, Jayashree S, Thangaraju N (2011) Seaweed extract as a biostimulant for the legume crop green gram. J Ecobiotechnol 3:16–19Google Scholar
  69. Khallil AM, Daghman IM, Fady AA (2015) Antifungal potential in crude extracts of five selected brown seaweeds collected from the Western Libya Coast. J Micro Creat 1:1–8Google Scholar
  70. Khan W, Rayirath UP, Subramanian S, Jithesh MN, Rayorath P, Hodges DM, Critchley AT, Craigie JS, Norrie J, Prithiviraj B (2009) Seaweed extracts as biostimulants of plant growth and development. J Plant Growth Regul 28:386–399CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Khan K, David H, Alan TC, Balakrishnan P (2011) Bioassay to detect Ascophyllum nodosum extract-induced cytokinin-like activity in Arabidopsis thaliana. J Appl Phycol 23:409–414CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Khan SA, Abid M, Hussain F (2015) Nematicidal activity of seaweeds against Meloidogyne javanica. Pak J Nematol 33:195–203Google Scholar
  73. Kingman AR, Moore J (1982) Isolation, purification and quantification of several growth regulating substances in Ascophyllum nodosum (Phaeophyta). Bot Mar 25:149–154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Kumar NJL, Kumar RN, Patel K, Viyol S, Bhoi R (2009) Nutrient composition and calorific value of some seaweeds from Bet Dwarka, west coast of Gujarat, India. Our Nat 7:18–25Google Scholar
  75. Kumari R, Kaur I, Bhatnagar AK (2011) Effect of aqueous extract of Sargassum johnstonii Setchell & Gardner on growth, yield and quality of Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. J Appl Phycol 23:623–633CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Kumari R, Kaur I, Bhatnagar AK (2013) Enhancing soil health and productivity of Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. using Sargassum johnstonii Setchell & Gardner as a soil conditioner and fertilizer. J Appl Phycol 25:1225–1235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Latique S, Chernane H, El Kaoua M (2014) Seaweed liquid fertilizer effect on physiological and biochemical parameters of bean plant (Phaesolus vulgaris var. Paulista) under hydroponic system. Eur Sci J 9:174–191Google Scholar
  78. MacArtain P, Gill CIR, Brooks M, Campbell R, Rowland I (2007) Nutritional value of edible seaweeds. Nutr Rev 65(12):535–543CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Manaf HH (2016) Beneficial effects of exogenous selenium, glycine betaine and seaweed extract on salt stressed cowpea plant. Ann Agric Sci 61:41–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Manivannan K, Karthikai Devi G, Thirumaran G, Anantharaman P (2008) Mineral composition of macroalge from Mandapam coastal region, southeast coast of India. Am-Euras J Bot 1:58–67Google Scholar
  81. Mathur C, Rai S, Sase N, Krish S, Jayasri MA (2015) Enteromorpha intestinalis derived seaweed liquid fertilizers as prospective biostimulant for Glycine max. Braz Arch Biol Technol 58:813–820CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Michalak I, Chojnacka K (2015) Algae as production systems of bioactive compounds. Eng Life Sci 15:160–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Miller J, Wood JM (1996) Osmoadaptation by rhizosphere bacteria. Annu Rev Microbiol 50:101–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Milton RF (1952) Improvements in or relating to horticultural and agricultural fertilizers. Br Patent 664:989Google Scholar
  85. Mirparsa T, Ganjali HR, Dahmardeh M (2016) The effect of biofertilizers on yield and yield components of sunflower oil seed and nut. Int J Agric Biosci 5:46–49Google Scholar
  86. Mohammadi M, Tajik H, Hajeb P (2013) Nutritional composition of seaweeds from the Northern Persian Gulf. Iran J Fish Sci 12:232–240Google Scholar
  87. Mohy El-Din SM (2015) Utilization of seaweed extracts as bio-fertilizers to stimulate the growth of wheat seedlings. Egypt J Exp Biol 11(1):31–39Google Scholar
  88. Mounir M, Halima C, Salma L, Abdelali B, Driss H, Mimoun EK (2015) Seaweed extract effect on water deficit and antioxidative mechanisms in bean plants (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). J App Phys 27(4):1689–1698Google Scholar
  89. Murata M, Nakazoe J (2001) Production and use of marine algae in Japan. Jpn Agric Res Q 35:281–290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Myklestad S (1964) Experiments with seaweed as supplemental fertilizer. In: Proceedings of fourth international seaweed symposium, Barritz, Pergamon Press, Oxford, pp 432–438Google Scholar
  91. Nabti E, Sahnoune M, Adjrad S, Van Dommelen A, Ghoul M, Schmid M, Hartmann A (2007) A halophilic and osmotolerant Azospirillum brasilense strain from Algerian soil restores wheat growth under saline conditions. Eng Life Sci 7:354–360CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Nabti E, Sahnoune M, Ghoul M, Fischer D, Hofmann A, Rothballer M, Schmid M, Hartmann M (2010) Restoration of growth of durum wheat (Triticum durum var. waha) under saline conditions due to inoculation with the rhizosphere bacterium Azospirillum brasilense NH and extracts of the marine alga Ulva lactuca. J Plant Growth Regul 29:6–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Nedzarek A, Rakusa-Suszczewski S (2004) Decomposition of macroalgae and the release of nutrients into Admiralty Bay, King George Island, Antarctica. Polar Biosci 17:26–35Google Scholar
  94. Nelson WR, Van Staden J (1984) The effect of seaweed concentrate on wheat culms. J Plant Physiol 115:433–437CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Nelson WR, Van Staden J (1985) 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid in seaweed concentrate. Bot Mar 28:415–417Google Scholar
  96. Ozdemir G, Karabay NU, Dalay MC, Pazarbasi B (2004) Antibacterial activity of volatile component and various extracts of Spirulina platensis. Phytother Res 18:754–757CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Pacholczak A, Nowakowska K, Pietkiewicz S (2016a) The effects of synthetic auxin and a seaweed-based biostimulator on physiological aspects of rhizogenesis in ninebark stem cuttings. Not Bot Horti Agrobo 44:85–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Pacholczak A, Szydlo W, Jacygrad E, Federowicz M (2016b) Effect of auxins and the biostimulator algaminoplant on rhizogenesis in stem cuttings of two dogwood cultivars (cornus alba ‘AUREA’ and ‘Elegantissima’). Acta Sci Pol Hortorum Cultus 11:93–103Google Scholar
  99. Partani T (2013) Determination of the effect rates of seaweed extract on growth and performance of corn (Sc704) in Gorgan. Int J Agric Crop Sci 6:219–224Google Scholar
  100. Paulert R, Talamini V, Cassolato JEF, Duarte MER, Noseda MD, Smania AJ, Stadnik MJ (2009) Effects of sulfated polysaccharide and alcoholoic extracts from green seaweed Ulva fasciata on anthracnose severity and growth of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). J Plant Dis Prot 6:263–270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Peres JCF, De Carvalho LR, Gonçalez E, Berian LOS, D’arc Felicio J (2012) Evaluation of antifungal activity of seaweed extracts. Ciênc Agrotec Lavras 36:294–299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Perez J, Falque E, Domınguez H (2016) Antimicrobial action of compounds from marine seaweed. Mar Drugs 14:1–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Popescu GC, Popescu M (2014) Effect of the brown alga Ascophyllum nodosum as biofertilizer on vegetative growth in grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.). Curr Trends Nat Sci 3(6):61–67Google Scholar
  104. Qasmi R (1991) Amino acid composition of some common seaweeds. Pak J Pharm Sci 4:49–54Google Scholar
  105. Rahman MS, Sathasivam KV (2015) Heavy metal adsorption onto Kappaphycus sp from aqueous solutions: the use of error functions for validation of isotherm and kinetics models. Biomed Res Int 126298, 1–13Google Scholar
  106. Rajasulochana N, Josmin LL, Leelavathy A (2008) Effect of Ulva lactuca extract on the growth of Phaseolus mungo L., Brassica juncea Hook. F. and Thomas and Trigonella foenum graceum L. Indian Hydro 11(2):275–279Google Scholar
  107. Rama Rao K (1991) Effect of seaweed extract on Zizyphus mauritiana Lamk. J Indian Bot Soc 71:19–21Google Scholar
  108. Rama Rao (1992) Seaweeds as biofertilizers in India horticulture. Seaw Res Util 14:99–101Google Scholar
  109. Ramarajan S, Henry JL, Saravana GA (2013) Effect of seaweed extracts mediated changes in leaf area and pigment concentration in soybean under salt stress condition. RRJoLS 3:17–21Google Scholar
  110. Rao GMN, Chatterjee R (2014) Effect of seaweed liquid fertilizer from Gracilaria textorii and Hypnea musciformis on seed germination and productivity of some vegetable crops. Univ J Plant Sci 2(7):115–120Google Scholar
  111. Rayorath P, Khan K, Ravishankar P, Shawna LM, Roumiana S, Simon DH, Alan TC, Balakrishan P (2008a) Extract of the brown seaweed Ascophyllum nodosum induce gibberellic acid (GA3)-independent amylase activity in barley. J Plant Growth Regul 27:370–379CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Rayorath P, Mundaya NJ, Amir F, Khan W, Ravishankar P, Simon DH, Alan TC, Balakrishan P (2008b) Rapid bioassays to evaluate the plant growth promoting activity of Ascophyllum nodosum (L.) Le Jol. using a model plant, Arabiodopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. J Appl Phycol 20:423–429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Reddy AS, Rao PV, Sateesh BJ, Ramana MV (2016) Impact of seaweed liquid fertilizers on productivity of blackgram [Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper]. Int J Curr Res Biosci Plant Biol 3:88–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Reitz SR, Trumble JT (1996) Effects of cytokinin-containing seaweed extract on Phasealus lunatus L.: influence of nutrient availability and apex removal. Bot Mar 39:33–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Renuka Bai N, Banu LNR, Prakash JW, Goldi SJ (2007) Effects of Asparagopsis taxiformis extract on the growth and yield of Phaseolus aureus. J Basic Appl Biol 1:6–11Google Scholar
  116. Rezaei MA, Kaviani B, Jahanshahi H (2012) Application of exogenous glycine betaine on some growth traits of soybean (Glycine max L.) drought stress conditions. Sci Res Essays 7:432–436Google Scholar
  117. Rinku VP, Pandya KY, Jasrai RT, Nayana B (2017) Effect of hydropriming and biopriming on seed germination of brinjal and tomato seed. Res J Agric For Sci 5(6):1–14Google Scholar
  118. Roj E, Dobrzynska-Inger A, Kostrzewa D, Kołodziejczyk K, Sojka M, Krol B, Miszczak A, Markowski J (2009) Extraction of berry seed oils with supercritical CO2. Przemysł Chemiczny 88:1325–1330Google Scholar
  119. Rosalba Mireya Hernández-Herrera FS-R, Ruiz-López MA, Norrie J, Hernández-Carmona G (2014) Effect of liquid seaweed extracts on growth of tomato seedlings (Solanum lycopersicum L.). J Appl Phys 26(1):619–628Google Scholar
  120. Russo RO, Berlyn GP (1990) The use of organic biostimulants to help low input sustainable agriculture. J Sustain Agric 1:19–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Safinaz AF, Ragaa AH (2013) Effect of some red marine algae as biofertilizers on growth of maize (Zea mayz L.) plants. Int Food Res J 20(4):1629–1632Google Scholar
  122. Sarin MN, Narayanan A (1968) Effects of soil salinity and growth regulators on germination and seedling metabolism of wheat. Physiol Plant 21:1201–1209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Sasikumar K, Govindan T, Anuradha C (2011) Effect of seaweed liquid fertilizer of Dictyota dichomata on growth and yield of Abelomoschus esulentus (L.). Eur J Exp Biol 1:223–227Google Scholar
  124. Sekar R, Thangaraju N, Rengasamy R (1995) Effect of liquid seaweed fertilizer from Ulva lactuca L on Vigna unguiculata L (WALP). Phykos 34:49–53Google Scholar
  125. Selvaraj R, Selvi M, Shakila P (2004) Effect of seaweed liquid fertilizer on Abelmoschus esculentus (L). Moench and Lycopersicon lycopersicum Mill. Seaweed Res Util 26:121–123Google Scholar
  126. Sethi P (2012) Biochemical composition of the marine brown algae Pedina terastromatica Hauck. Int J Curr Pharm Res 4:117–118Google Scholar
  127. Shahbazi F, Nejad SM, Salimi A, Gilani A (2015) Effect of seaweed extracts on the growth and biochemical constituents of wheat. Int J Agric Crop Sci 8:283–287Google Scholar
  128. Sharma AD, Thakur M, Rana M, Singh K (2004) Effect of plant growth hormones and abiotic stresses on germination, growth and phosphatase activities in Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench seeds. Afr J Biotechnol 3:308–312CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. Sharma RC, Gupta NK, Gupta S, Hasegawa H (2005) Effect of NaCl salinity on photosynthetic rate, transpiration rate, and oxidative stress tolerance in contrasting wheat genotype. Photosynthesis 43:609–613CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. Sharma SHS, Fleming C, Selby C, Rao JR, Martin T (2014) Plant biostimulants: a review on the processing of macroalgae and use of extracts for crop management to reduce abiotic and biotic stresses. J Appl Phycol 26:465–490CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. Shevchenko NM, Anastyuk SD, Gerasimenko NI, Dmitrenok PS, Isakov VV, Zvyagintseva TN (2007) Polysaccharide and lipid composition of the brown seaweed Laminaria gurjanovae. Russ J Bioorg Chem 33:88–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. Shri Devi SDK, Paul JP (2014) Influence of seaweed liquid fertilizer of Gracilaria dura (ag) jag (red seaweed) on Vigna radiata (L) R wilczek, in Thoothukudi, Tamil Nadu, India. World J Pharm Res 3:968–978Google Scholar
  133. Singh RP, Kumari P, Reddy CR (2015a) Antimicrobial compounds from seaweed-associated bacteria and fungi. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 99:1571–1586CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. Singh SK, Thakur R, Singh MK, Singh CS, Pal SK (2015b) Effect of fertilizer level and seaweed sap on productivity and profitability of rice (Oryza sativa). Indian J Agron 60:420–425Google Scholar
  135. Singh S, Singh MK, Pal SK, Trivedi K, Yesuraj D, Singh CS, Anand VKG, Chandramohan M, Patidar R, Kubavat D, Zodape ST, Ghosh A (2016) Sustainable enhancement in yield and quality of rain-fed maize through Gracilaria edulis and Kappaphycus alvarezii seaweed sap. J Appl Phycol 28:2099–2112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. Sivasangari Ramya S, Vijayanand N, Rathinavel S (2015) Foliar application of liquid biofertilizer of brown alga Stoehospermum marginatum on growth, biochemical and yield of Solanum melongena. Int J Recycl Org Waste Agric 4(3):167–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. Sridhar S, Rengasamy R (2002) Effect of seaweed liquid fertilizer obtained from Ulva lactuca on the biomass, pigments and protein content of Spirulina platensis. Seaw Res Util 24:145–149Google Scholar
  138. Sridhar S, Rengasamy R (2010a) Significance of seaweed liquid fertilizers for minimizing chemical fertilizers and improving yield of Arachis hypogaea under field trial. Rec Res Sci Technol 2:73–80Google Scholar
  139. Sridhar S, Rengasamy R (2010b) Effect of seaweed liquid fertilizer on the growth, biochemical constituents and yield of Tagetes erecta under field trials. J Phytol 2:61–68Google Scholar
  140. Sridhar S, Rengasmay R (2011) Potential of seaweed liquid fertilizers (SLFS) on some agricultural crops with special references to profile of seedlings. Int J Dev Res 1:55–57Google Scholar
  141. Srijaya TC, Pradeep PJ, Chtterji A (2010) Effect of seaweed extract as an organic fertilizer on the growth enhancement of black mustard plant. J Coast Environ 1:137–150Google Scholar
  142. Staden JV, Upfold SJ, Drewes FE (1994) Effect of seaweed concentrate on growth of the marigold Tagetes patula. J Appl Phycol 6:427–428CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. Stephenson WM (1966) The effect of hydrolysed seaweed on certain plant pests and diseases. In: Proceedings of fifth international seaweed symposium, Halifax. Pregamon Press, Oxford, pp 405–415Google Scholar
  144. Sudharsan S, Seedevi P, Ramasamy P, Subhapradha N, Vairamani S, Shanmugam A (2012) Heavy metal accumulation in seaweeds and sea grasses along southeast coast of India. J Chem Pharm Res 4(9):4240–4244Google Scholar
  145. Sultana V, Ehteshamul-Haque S, Ara J, Athar M (2005) Comparative efficacy of brown, green and red seaweeds in the control of root infecting fungi and okra. Int J Environ Sci Technol 2:129–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. Summers PS, Nolte KD, Cooper AJL, Borgeas H, Leustek T, Rhodes D, Hanson AD (1998) Identification and stereospecificity of the first three enzymes of 3-dimethylsulfoniopropionate in a chlorophyte alga. Plant Physiol 116:369–378CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. Sun TP, Gubler F (2004) Molecular mechanism of gibberellins signaling in plants. Ann Rev Plant Physiol Plant Mol Biol 55:197–223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. Sunarpi AJ, Rina K, Nur IJ, Aluh N (2010) Effect of seaweed extracts on growth and yield of rice plants. Bioscience 2:73–77Google Scholar
  149. Sutharsan S, Nishanthi S, Srikrishnah S (2014) Effects of foliar application of seaweed (Sargassum crassifolium) liquid extract on the performance of Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. in sandy regosol of Batticaloa district Sri Lanka. Am-Eur J Agric Environ Sci 14(12):1386–1396Google Scholar
  150. Tamilselvan N, Hemachandran J, Thirumalai T, Sharma CV, Kannabiran K, David E (2013) Biosorption of heavy metals from aqueous solution by Gracilaria corticata varcartecala and Grateloupia lithophila. J Coast Life Med 1:102–107Google Scholar
  151. Tarakhovskaya ER, Maslov YI, Shishova MF (2007) Phytohormones in algae. Russ J Plant Physiol 54:186–194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. Taskin E, Ozturk M, Taskin E, Kurt O (2007) Antibacterial activities of some marine algae from the Aegean Sea (Turkey). Afr J Biotechnol 6:2746–2751CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. Tay SAB, Palni LMS, McLeod JK (1987) Identification of cytokinin glucosides in a seaweed extract. J Plant Growth Regul 5:133–138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  154. Temple WD, Bomke AA (1988) Effects of kelp (Macrocystis integrifolia) on soil chemical properties and crop response. Plant Soil 105:213–222CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. Thinakaran T, Sivakumar K (2013) Antifungal activity of certain seaweeds from Puthumadam coast. Int J Res Rev Pharm Appl Sci 3:341–350Google Scholar
  156. Thirumaran G, Arumugam M, Arumugam R, Anantharaman P (2009) Effect of seaweed liquid fertilizer on growth and pigment concentration of Abelmoschus esculentus (I) Medikus. Am-Euras J Agron 2:57–66Google Scholar
  157. Thivy F (1964) Seaweed manure for perfect soil and smiling field. Salt Restaur Ind 1:1–4Google Scholar
  158. Tilak KVBR, Ranganayaki N, Pal KK, De R, Saxena AK, Nautiyal CS, Mittal S, Tripathi AK, Johri BN (2005) Diversity of plant growth and soil health supporting bacteria. Curr Sci India 89:136–150Google Scholar
  159. Tuhy Ł, Samoraj M, Basadynska S, Chojnacka K (2015) New micronutrient fertilizer biocomponents based on seaweed biomass. Pol J Environ Stud 24:2213–2221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  160. Van Alstyne KL, Pelletreau KN, Rosari K (2003) The effects of salinity on dimethylsulfoniopropionate production in the green alga Ulva fenestrate Postels and Ruprecht (Chlorophyta). Bot Mar 46:350–356Google Scholar
  161. Van Bergeijk SA, Schonefeldt K, Stal LJ, Huisman J (2002) Production and consumption of dimethylsulfide (DMS) and dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) in a diatom-dominated intertidal sediment. Mar Ecol Prog 231:37–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. Venkataraman K, Mohan VR, Murugeswari R, Muthusamy M (1993) Effect of crude and commercial seaweed extract on seed germination and seedling growth in greengram and blackgram. Seaw Res Util 16:23–27Google Scholar
  163. Vieira RHSF, Volesky B (2000) Biosorption: a solution to pollution. Int Microbiol 3:17–24Google Scholar
  164. Vinoj Kumar V, Kaladharan P (2006) Biosorption of metals from contaminated water using seaweed. Curr Sci 90:1263–1267Google Scholar
  165. Wally OS, Critchley AT, Hiltz D, Craigie JS, Han X, Zaharia LI, Abrams SR, Prithiviraj B (2012) Regulation of phytohormone biosynthesis and accumulation in Arabidopsis following treatment with commercial extract from the marine macroalga Ascophyllum nodosum. J Plant Growth Regul 32:324–339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  166. Washington WS, Engleitner S, Boontjes G, Shanmuganathan N (1999) Effect of fungicides, seaweed extracts, tea tree oil, and fungal agents on fruit rot and yield in strawberry. Aust J Exp Agric 39:487–494CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  167. Watee S, Pimonsri M, Onnicha R, Nutapong B, Preeyanuch B (2015) Antimicrobial activity of seaweed extracts from Pattani, southeast coast of Thailand. FABJ 3:39–49Google Scholar
  168. Wosnitza TMA, Barrantes JG (2003) Utilization of seaweed Ulva sp. in Paracas Bay (Peru): experimenting with compost. J Appl Phycol 18:27–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. Younes F, Etahiri S, Assobhei O (2009) Activite antimicrobienne des algues marines de la lagne d’Oualidia (Maroc): criblage et optimization de la periode de la recolte. J Appl Biosci 24:1543–1552Google Scholar
  170. Zbakh H, Chiheb H, Bouziane H, Sa’nchez VM, Riadi H (2012) Antibacterial activity of benthic marine algal extracts from the Mediterranean coast of Morocco. J Microbiol Biotechnol Food Sci 2:219–228Google Scholar
  171. Zhang X, Ervin EH (2008) Impact of seaweed extract-based cytokinins and zeatin riboside on creeping bentgrass heat tolerance. Crop Sci 48:364–370CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  172. Zodape ST (2001) Seaweeds as a biofertilizer. J Sci Ind Res 60:378–382Google Scholar
  173. Zodape ST, Kawarkhe VJ, Patolia JS, Warade AD (2008) Effect of liquid seaweed fertilizer and quality of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L). J Sci Ind Res 67:1115–1117Google Scholar
  174. Zodape ST, Soumit M, Eswaran K, Reddy MP, Chikara J (2010) Enhanced yield and nutritional quality in green gram (Phaseolus radiate L) treated with seaweed (Kappaphycus alvarezii) extract. J Sci Ind Res 69:468–471Google Scholar
  175. Zodape ST, Abha G, Bhandari SC, Rawat US, Chaudhary DR, Eswaran K, Chikara J (2011) Foliar application of seaweed sap as biostimulant for enhancement of yield and quality of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). J Sci Ind Res 219:215–219Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. L. Raghunandan
    • 1
  • R. V. Vyas
    • 2
  • H. K. Patel
    • 2
  • Y. K. Jhala
    • 3
  1. 1.Biological Control Research LaboratoryAnand Agricultural UniversityAnandIndia
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural Microbiology and Biofertilizer ProjectsAnand Agricultural UniversityAnandIndia
  3. 3.Department of Agricultural MicrobiologyAnand Agricultural UniversityAnandIndia

Personalised recommendations