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Phosphorus Capture, Immobilization and Channeling Through Algae for a Sustainable Agriculture

  • D. M. MahapatraEmail author
  • R. Mahapatra
  • L. Singh
  • H. J. Kadhum
  • G. S. Murthy
  • H. N. Chanakya
  • N. V. Joshi
  • T. V. Ramachandra
Chapter

Abstract

Excessive use of phosphorus (P) based fertilizers for improved agricultural productivity has resulted in nutrient enrichment and consequent deterioration of surface and ground waters. Naturally, available soil microbes in an agricultural set-up are capable of mineralization of organic P and/or solubilisation of inorganic P thus making it bioavailable to the crop systems. As an alternative to conventional P based fertilizers, wastewater rich in nutrients can be cheap and economic P sources ensuring phosphorous recycle and reuse. However, the treatment of these waters to check pathogens, heavy metals and other toxicants; conveyance and storage are practical constraints that limits the usage of wastewaters directly to croplands. Wastewater grown algae as proficient biofertilizer can be potentially used to immobilize P and channelize P to croplands. Such algal biomass abundantly growing in natural waters as well as in treatment ponds can be rich sources of nutrients due to their higher P uptake abilities, growth rate and productivity. Although there are huge opportunities for using algae as a bio-filter to recover P from wastewater streams. However, their use for tapping valuable P with present day technologies are still evolving and are in infancy. Efforts on understanding the mechanism of P uptake, immobilization in algal cells and subsequent P transport to agricultural soil systems are important. This can provide global solutions in stocking wastewater P and its sustainable reuse as algal-based P rich biofertilizer.

Keywords

Phosphorus Immobilization Algae Agriculture Biofertilizer Sustainability 

Notes

Acknowledgement

The authors deeply acknowledge the Science and Education Research Board (SERB), IUSSTF INDO-US Postdoctoral Fellowship (2016–2018), Government of India; Department of Biotechnology (DBT); Ministry of Science and Technology (DST); Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC), Government of India; Indian Institute of Science and Biological and Department of Biological and Ecological Engineering, Oregon State University for providing the financial and infrastructural support.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. M. Mahapatra
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • R. Mahapatra
    • 4
  • L. Singh
    • 1
  • H. J. Kadhum
    • 1
    • 5
  • G. S. Murthy
    • 1
  • H. N. Chanakya
    • 3
    • 6
  • N. V. Joshi
    • 2
  • T. V. Ramachandra
    • 2
    • 3
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Biological and Ecological EngineeringOregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA
  2. 2.Center for Ecological Sciences (CES), IIScBangaloreIndia
  3. 3.Centre for Sustainable Technologies (CST), IIScBangaloreIndia
  4. 4.Oneness International SchoolBarabhojia, Nalipada ArjunpurKhurdaIndia
  5. 5.College of AgricultureAl-Qasim Green UniversityBabylonIraq
  6. 6.Centre for Infrastructure Sustainable Transportation and Urban Planning [CiSTUP], IIScBangaloreIndia

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