Electro-bioremediation: An Advanced Remediation Technology for the Treatment and Management of Contaminated Soil

  • Sivasankar Annamalai
  • Maruthamuthu Sundaram


The world’s soil is being contaminated by various influences such as urbanization and industrial activities, for instance, the uncontrolled discharge of industrial wastewater. This chapter is mainly focused on electrokinetic (EK) techniques for remediation of soil polluted by the textile industry. Electrokinetic technology is employed for the removal of heavy metals and organics by applied direct electric current, which may induce the movement of pollutants from the matrix. However, so far only limited studies are available about the treatment of textile industry-contaminated soil. The present article describes approaches that can be utilized for the treatment of soils polluted by organic or inorganic compounds. Therefore, the EK removal of heavy metals, inorganic ions, and various textile dye contaminants is summarized, and the state-of-the-art is reviewed along with future trends for EK remediation of contaminated soil.


Bio-electrokinetics Contaminated farming soil Soil fertility Textile dyes removal Saline salt removal 



I gratefully thank the Academy of Science and Innovative Research (AcSIR), CSIR-Central Electrochemical Research Institute. CSIR-HRDG, New Delhi is gratefully acknowledged for the Senior Research Fellowship of Sivasankar Annamalai. The authors thank CSIR for sponsoring this project under Sustainable Environmental Technology for Chemical and Allied Industries (SETCA) – Project No: CSC 0113.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sivasankar Annamalai
    • 1
    • 2
  • Maruthamuthu Sundaram
    • 1
  1. 1.Microbial Corrosion and Bio-Environmental Engineering Group, Corrosion and Materials Protection DivisionCSIR – Central Electrochemical Research InstituteKaraikudiIndia
  2. 2.AcSIR – Academic of Scientific and Innovative ResearchKaraikudiIndia

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