Phycoremediation: An Integrated and Eco-friendly Approach for Wastewater Treatment and Value-Added Product Potential

  • J. Umamaheswari
  • D. Saranya
  • S. Abinandan
  • Mallavarapu Megharaj
  • Suresh R. Subashchandrabose
  • S. ShanthakumarEmail author


This book chapter presents a review on the application and challenges of microalgae (phycoremediation) for wastewater treatment. Primarily, the general brief is an investigative focus that compares current technologies in wastewater research around the globe and emphasizes the positive aspects of the phycoremediation approach. Much scientific literature has reported the feasibility and innovative merits of phycoremediation, particularly on the assimilation and accumulation of nutrients from wastewater. We discuss the potential of the technology, based on existing reports such as the advantages and disadvantages of phycoremediation. Subsequently, the biomass application from certain quantities of wastewater will have a benefit in the form of commercial applications. The chapter ends with a discussion of trends and future directions based on the detailed literature review with a focus on ensuring safer and sustainable implementation of phycoremediation.


Algal biotreatment Wastewater treatment Merits and demerits Emerging issues Commercialization 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Umamaheswari
    • 1
  • D. Saranya
    • 1
  • S. Abinandan
    • 2
  • Mallavarapu Megharaj
    • 2
    • 3
  • Suresh R. Subashchandrabose
    • 2
    • 3
  • S. Shanthakumar
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Environmental and Water Resources Engineering, School of Civil and Chemical EngineeringVIT UniversityVelloreIndia
  2. 2.Global Centre for Environmental Remediation (GCER), Faculty of Science and Information TechnologyUniversity of NewcastleNewcastleAustralia
  3. 3.Cooperative Research Centre for Contamination Assessment and Remediation of the Environment (CRC CARE)C/- Newcastle UniversityNewcastleAustralia

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